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Crystal plasticity modeling and analysis for the transition from intergranular to transgranular failure in nickel-based alloy Inconel 740H at elevated temperature

by Jiahao Cheng, Xiaohua Hu, Timothy G Lach, Xiang Chen
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Materials Science and Engineering: A
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The precipitation-strengthened Nickel alloy Inconel® 740H® (IN740H) exhibits increased ductility at higher applied strain rates during quasi-static tensile tests at an elevated temperature of 760°C. The examination of fracture surfaces in this context reveals a noteworthy transition of underlying fracture mechanisms from transgranular to intergranular fracture as the applied strain rate decreases from 1×10^(-3)/s to 0.83×10^(-4)/s. To thoroughly understand the mechanical response of IN740H under these conditions, this study develops a comprehensive crystal plasticity finite element (CPFE) model. This model incorporates various deformation mechanisms including dislocation slips, climb, and grain boundary sliding, which are relevant to the test conditions. The model is calibrated using data from both tensile tests at different strain rates and creep tests across a broad load range at consistent temperature, enabling the accurate determination of parameters for each mechanism. Simulation results well captured the experimental observations of different failure modes. At higher strain rates, the model shows a dominance of dislocation slip leading to heterogeneous plastic deformation and formation of transgranular shear band causing the failure, while at lower strain rates, an increased activity of grain boundary sliding causing the shift to intergranular failure.