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Convolutional Neural Networks for Hydrometeor Classification using Dual Polarization Doppler Radars...

by Yuping Lu, Jitendra Kumar
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Journal Name
IEEE International Conference on Data Mining Workshops (ICDMW)
Book Title
2019 International Conference on Data Mining Workshops (ICDMW)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
288 to 295
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America

Traditional fuzzy logic hydrometeor classification algorithm is a common way to classify precipitation type from dual polarization doppler radar. We propose a deep learning-based method to estimate hydrometeors efficiently using observed radar variables such as horizontal reflectivity (Z H ), differential reflectivity (Z DR ), correlation coefficient (ρ HV ) and specific differential phase (K DP ) from National Weather Service NEXRAD collected at Vance AFB facility at the first elevation angle from January 1st, 2015 to July 31th, 2019. We stack matrices of values from these four polarimetric variables as one 3D array. Samples are preprocessed and divided into training, validation and test set with four target hydrometeor categories (Ice Crystals (IC), Dry Snow (DS), Light and/or Moderate Rain (RA) and Big Drops (rain) (BD)). We developed and optimized five Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) architectures and achieved an accuracy of 87.23% and 93.736% respectively using modified ResNet with two different input data selection strategies for hydrometeor classification. Training data selection strategies were important to ensure use of available samples in training for robust performance evaluated by applying the models to novel time period beyond what was use to train the model. Seasonal variation in atmospheric conditions lead to seasonal patterns of liquid vs solid forms of precipitation, that poses challenge for classifier and offer insights into domain specific approaches required for problem of hydrometeor identification. Computationally efficient and scalable approach for classification of hydrometeors offer opportunties to effectively use the large volumes of rich time series of radar observations that are becoming increasingly available.