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An Agrobacterium strain auxotrophic for methionine is useful for switchgrass transformation...

Publication Type
Journal Name
Transgenic Research
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 16

Auxotrophic strains of Agrobacterium tumefaciens can contribute to the development of more efficient transformation systems, especially for crops historically considered recalcitrant. Homologous recombination was used to derive methionine auxotrophs of two common A. tumefaciens strains, LBA4404 and EHA105. The EHA105 strains were more efficient for switchgrass transformation, while both the EHA105 and LBA4404 strains worked equally well for the rice control. Event quality, as measured by transgene copy number, was not affected by auxotrophy, but was higher for the LBA4404 strains than the EHA105 strains. Ultimately, the use of auxotrophs reduced bacterial overgrowth during co-cultivation and decreased the need for antibiotics.