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Publication

A naturally stable Sagnac-Michelson nonlinear interferometer

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Publication Type
Journal
Journal Name
Optics Letters
Publication Date
Volume
41
Issue
23
Interferometers measure a wide variety of dynamic processes by converting a phase change into an intensity change.  Nonlinear interferometers, making use of nonlinear media in lieu of beamsplitters, promise substantial improvement in the quest to reach the ultimate sensitivity limits.  Here we demonstrate a new  nonlinear interferometer utilizing a single parametric amplifier for mode mixing---conceptually, a nonlinear version of the conventional Michelson interferometer with its arms collapsed together. We observe up to 99.9% interference visibility and find evidence for noise reduction based on phase-sensitive gain. Our configuration utilizes fewer components than previous demonstrations and requires no active stabilization, offering new capabilities for practical nonlinear interferometric-based sensors.