More often than in the past, Monte Carlo methods are being used to compute fluxes or doses over large areas using mesh tallies (a set of region tallies defined on a mesh that overlays the geometry). For problems that
demand that the uncertainty in each mesh cell be less than some set maximum, computation time is controlled by the cell with the largest uncertainty. This issue becomes quite troublesome in deep-penetration problems, and advanced variance reduction techniques are required to obtain reasonable uncertainties over large areas. The CADIS (Consistent Adjoint Driven Importance Sampling) methodology [1,2] has been shown to very
efficiently optimize the calculation of a response (flux or dose) for a single point or a small region using weight windows and a biased source based on the adjoint of that response. This has been incorporated into codes such as ADVANTG  (based on MCNP) and the new sequence MAVRIC , which will be available in the next release of SCALE. In an effort to compute lower uncertainties everywhere in the problem, Larsen’s group has also developed several methods to help distribute particles more evenly, based on forward estimates of flux [5,6]. This paper focuses on the use of a forward estimate to weight the placement of the source in the adjoint
calculation used by CADIS, which we refer to as a forward-weighted CADIS (FW-CADIS) .