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Second Target Station Bunker Shielding with Populated and Unpopulated Neutron Beamlines: Preliminary Design...

by Thomas M Miller, Paul E Mueller, Kumar S Mohindroo, Igor Remec
Publication Type
Journal
Journal Name
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Publication Date
Page Numbers
435 to 450
Volume
198
Issue
2

At the U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Second Target Station (STS) beamline sources for preliminary design have been used to perform a shielding analysis of the bunker. Prompt total effective dose rates (i.e., neutron plus photon effective dose rates when the proton beam is on) were calculated on top of the bunker roof and outside the bunker wall. These areas outside the bunker will be generally accessible, so the prompt total dose rate in these areas should not exceed 2.5 μSv‧h−1 (0.25 mrem‧h−1). This paper presents the required shielding thicknesses to meet this dose rate limit. In one instance, this dose rate limit is not met: For a combination of populated and unpopulated beamlines, the prompt total dose rate outside the bunker across from the unpopulated beamline, which has less shielding because of the lack of beamline shielding, slightly exceeds 2.5 μSv‧h−1. Once more details are known regarding the STS high-density concrete density and composition, a future analysis will investigate the shielding modifications required to reduce the calculated prompt total dose rates for this configuration to less than 2.5 μSv‧h−1.