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Radiative transition probabilities of neutral and singly ionized rare earth elements (La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er,...

by Sawyer B Irvine, Hunter B Andrews, Kristian G Myhre, Jamie Coble
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Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
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Rare earth elements (REEs) are essential to society given their prevalence in many modern technologies. Quantitative elemental analysis of REEs is therefore a critical capability. Calibration free–laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (CF-LIBS) is a rapidly maturing and promising approach to quantitative elemental analysis with many attractive qualities. The application of CF-LIBS to analyzing samples containing the REEs is hindered by a lack of fundamental data, specifically transition probabilities (TPs). This study seeks to help address this knowledge deficiency by reporting 967 previously unreported TPs for 13 REEs (lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, samarium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, and lutetium). The method developed in this study to estimate the TPs requires small amounts of material (a few nanograms) compared with other approaches (∼ milligrams), uses non-specialized equipment, and does not involve complicated sample preparations.