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Quantum Chemistry-Driven Machine Learning Approach for the Prediction of the Surface Tension and Speed of Sound in Ionic Liqu...

Publication Type
Journal Name
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 13

Ionic liquids (ILs) have unique solvent properties and have thus garnered significant interest. However, exhaustive experimental determination of the physicochemical properties of ILs is unrealistic due to the large structural diversity of anions and cations, their high cost, the requirements of elevated temperature and pressure, and the time required. To circumvent these experimental costs, computational approaches to accurately calculate these properties have emerged. In the present study, we present a demonstration of two machine learning (ML) models for the prediction of two critical IL physical properties, the surface tension and the speed of sound, across a wide range of temperatures and pressures. The models make use of molecular descriptors derived from the COSMO-RS, a quantum chemical-based model. The ML models show excellent agreement with experimental observations, with an R2 value of 0.96–0.99 and RMSE of 1.71 mN/m and 16.12 m/s for the surface tension and speed of sound, respectively. This work paves the way for the development of COSMO-RS-informed ML models for the prediction of IL properties which can help to further optimize and accelerate technology development for ILs.