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Physics-Based Machine Learning Models Predict Carbon Dioxide Solubility in Chemically Reactive Deep Eutectic Solvents

Publication Type
Journal Name
ACS Omega
Publication Date
Page Numbers
19548 to 19559

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a detrimental greenhouse gas and is the main contributor to global warming. In addressing this environmental challenge, a promising approach emerges through the utilization of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as an ecofriendly and sustainable medium for effective CO2 capture. Chemically reactive DESs, which form chemical bonds with the CO2, are superior to nonreactive, physically based DESs for CO2 absorption. However, there are no accurate computational models that provide accurate predictions of the CO2 solubility in chemically reactive DESs. Here, we develop machine learning (ML) models to predict the solubility of CO2 in chemically reactive DESs. As training data, we collected 214 data points for the CO2 solubility in 149 different chemically reactive DESs at different temperatures, pressures, and DES molar ratios from published work. The physics-driven input features for the ML models include σ-profile descriptors that quantify the relative probability of a molecular surface segment having a certain screening charge density and were calculated with the first-principle quantum chemical method COSMO-RS. We show here that, although COSMO-RS does not explicitly calculate chemical reaction profiles, the COSMO-RS-derived σ-profile features can be used to predict bond formation. Of the models trained, an artificial neural network (ANN) provides the most accurate CO2 solubility prediction with an average absolute relative deviation of 2.94% on the testing sets. Overall, this work provides ML models that can predict CO2 solubility precisely and thus accelerate the design and application of chemically reactive DESs.