Radiolytic synthesis has been used to produce a plethora of unsupported and supported metallic nanoparticles in batch. As proof of a new concept, we evaluated the formation of gold nanoparticles by radiolytic synthesis in continuous flow using a millifluidic reactor. A mixture of gold ions solution, branched polyethyleneimine, and ethylene glycol yielded gold nanoparticles with a mean size of 3.4 ± 1.0 nm after irradiation with an X-ray irradiator (127 Gy/min) at an absorbed dose of 5.1 kGy. The morphology and size distribution of gold nanoparticles was influenced by AgNO3, where its absence resulted in a mean size of 20.9 ± 15.8 nm. The radiolytic synthesis of gold nanoparticles in continuous flow was achieved in short reaction times (<60 min), at room temperature, and with low concentrations of both stabilizing and reducing agents. These results demonstrate the potential of radiolytic synthesis in continuous flow for high-throughput formation of metallic nanoparticles with controlled specifications in size and distribution.