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Integrated lignocellulosic biorefinery for efficient production of furans and photothermal materials...

by Xianzhi Meng, Arthur J Ragauskas
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Journal Name
Chemical Engineering Journal
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Integrated lignocellulosic biorefineries offer a great potential to valorize all the components in lignocellulose into products, including fuels, chemicals, and materials. However, because of lignocellulose recalcitrance, conversion of bioresources remains a techno-economic challenge for many lignocellulosic biorefineries. In this work, we have proposed a sustainable and profitable biorefinery strategy for lignocellulose fractionation and conversion. In this design, a biphasic solvent consisting of a molten salt hydrate LiCl·4H2O and γ-valerolactone (GVL) was initially used for separating hemicellulose from lignocellulose. More interestingly, 100 wt% of biorefinery products from lignin were directly converted to functional photothermal materials by coordinating with Fe3+ for solar-thermal-electricity conversion. Attributed to this rational design, the techno-economic analysis predicts a revenue of 439.3 USD by processing 100 kg of lignocellulosic biomass using the above developed method.