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Controlled Demolition and Reconstruction of Imidazolate and Carboxylate Metal–Organic Frameworks by Acid Gas Exposure and L...

Publication Type
Journal Name
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Publication Date
Page Numbers
15582 to 15592

The metal-linker coordination bond in metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) can be unstable in humid and acid gas environments, leading to loss of crystallinity and porosity. This degradation is not necessarily irreversible; solvent-assisted crystal redemption (“SACRed”) has been shown to recover the physical and chemical properties of ZIF-8 exposed to humid SO2. This approach can also be useful in creating mixed-linker materials that might be challenging to produce via de novo synthesis. Here, we expand more generally the concept of controlled degradation of a MOF with acid gas, followed by treatment with a fresh linker solution, to the use of different template MOFs (ZIFs, UiO-66, and UiO-67) and acid gases (SO2 and NO2 in dry and humid conditions). Significant losses in porosity and crystallinity along with structural changes (acid gas-linker complexes and linker functionalizations) are observed in the acid gas-exposed MOF templates, and SACRed is shown to reconstruct these partially demolished MOFs with a high degree of structural recovery. Detailed structural and spectroscopic characterizations of the controlled degradation and subsequent recovery are presented and analyzed. These findings indicate the generality of controlled degradation and reconstruction as a means for linker replacement in a wider variety of MOFs and also create the potential for linker substitutions (with non-native linkers) to obtain new hybrid MOFs.