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Applications of a dual-column technique in actinide separations...

by Miting Du
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Journal Name
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Publication Date
Page Numbers
5343 to 5357
Conference Name
Conference Location
Kona, Hawaii, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Selective separation of an individual actinide of interest from other actinides and accompanying lanthanides is a challenging task in radiochemistry and radioanalytical chemistry. This paper illustrates a dual column technique (i.e., stacked columns of two appropriate resins) to separate an individual actinide of interest, where the selection of two resins and a common effluent running through the stacked columns are key parameters in design of an appropriate dual column. This paper describes the dual column design and practice with two examples, one for a heavy actinide 249Bk and the other for a light actinide 230U. In the former case, stacked columns of anion exchange (AX) resin and LN resin replaced the traditional CX-AHIB method used at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for 60 years. In the latter case, an elution process with an AX column followed with a stacked column of AX resin and a DGA resin was applied, instead of traditional methods, e.g., PUREX or U-TEVA methods. Application results of the dual column method to the two example actinides are displayed, while the considerations in method design and the required conditions are discussed.