ORNL Review v16n3 1983.pdf

ORNL Review v16n3
  • Paradox of the Striped Bass: ORNL Fishes for Answers. An ocean fish is declining in marine water but thriving in fresh water, except in some lakes during the summer. That's a paradox, and so is the fact that many of the experts who understand what's going on with this coastal fish reside in the hills of East Tennessee.
  • Cable-in-Conduit Superconductors: A Story of Science in the Making. The plasma fuel of fusion reactors must be confined by the fields of powerful magnets. Means for designing internally cooled superconductors for such magnets have been developed at ORNL. During the development, ORNL 's scientists encountered a few surprises.
  • Monoclonal Antibodies and Cancer. ORNL biologists have used these "magic bullets" produced by modern biotechnology to cure some mice with solid tumors. These products of the fusion of two types of cells show promise in treating and detecting some human cancers.
  • Clean Water from Synfuels Plants. Synthetic fuel plants will need large volumes of water for the process of converting coal to oil. Water from the converted coal could be used but it is dirty. ORNL has tested a combination of processes that clean up the water enough for recycle or for discharge under anticipated regulations.
  • The Staying Power of the High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor. The national HTGR program has faced extinction for five years but Congress continues to save it. Because of its high-temperature heat, its potential for efficient power generation, and its excellent safety features, the HTGR concept may be too good to discard.
  • Health Risks of Energy Technologies: The Experts' Views. A book edited by two ORNL researchers sheds light on this volatile issue. In an interview, the two editors discuss the results and problems of risk analyses made by the experts.