Dramatic Compositional Effects on Transport in Concentrated Solid Solution Alloys
Compositional complexity is found to strongly affect electrical, thermal, and magnetic properties of nickel-containing face-centeredcubic concentrated alloys. Tuning the physical properties to fulfill certain application demands can thus be achieved by modifying the number and species of alloying elements.
Nickel and a family of seven structurally simple (face-centered cubic) but compositionally complex alloys, from binary to quinary, have been systematically studied over a temperature range of 4-300 K. The electrical resistivity exhibits a weak correlation with the number of alloying elements but a strong dependence on the type of elements; the alloys containing Cr have an order of magnitude larger resistivity than those alloys without Cr. Korring-Kohn-Rostoker coherent-potential-approximation calculations have revealed that such strong scattering of electrons is primarily due to the magnetic disorder induced from the anti-parallel alignment between the magnetic moment of Cr and the other alloying elements. Furthermore, high electrical resistivity suppresses the electronic thermal conductivity, largely reducing their total thermal conductivity. This observation enables a systematic control of the heat transport, or the energy dissipation, in this newly developed alloy system.
K. Jin, B. C. Sales, G. M. Stocks, G. D. Samolyuk, M. Daene, W. J. Weber, Y. Zhang, and H. Bei, “Tailoring the physical properties of Ni-based single-phase equiatomic alloys by modifying the chemical complexity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20159 (2016). DOI: 10.1038/srep20159