Inverse radiation transport is a well-established method for determining unknown parameters within a system that exhibits particle leakage. Two significant challenges of solving inverse transport problems are (1) to determine multiple unknowns without false convergence on local minima and (2) to be able to quantify uncertainty. It was recently demonstrated that the DiffeRential Evolution Adaptive Metropolis (DREAM) method effectively meets both of these challenges . In Bledsoe’s 2014 article , the DREAM method was only applied to numerical test cases in which measured data were simulated using MCNP. This paper provides results of research conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in which DREAM was applied to two-dimensional inverse transport problems using realworld measurements.