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- A collection of databases, data tables, and mechanisms to access the data on a single subject.
- A loss of part of the DNA from a chromosome; can lead to a disease or abnormality.
- A description of a specific chromosome that uses defined mutations --specific deleted areas in the genome-- as 'biochemical signposts,' or markers for specific areas.
- A type of sugar that is one component of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
- A full set of genetic material consisting of paired chromosomes, one from each parental set. Most animal cells except the gametes have a diploid set of chromosomes. The diploid human genome has 46 chromosomes.
- A laboratory process used on isolated molecules or microbes to cause mutations and identify subsequent adaptations to novel environments.
- Alteration of DNA at a specific site and its reinsertion into an organism to study any effects of the change.
- Successively sequencing DNA from adjacent stretches of chromosome.
- Alleles carrying particular DNA sequences associated with the presence of disease.
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
- The molecule that encodes genetic information. DNA is a double-stranded molecule held together by weak bonds between base pairs of nucleotides. The four nucleotides in DNA contain the bases adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). In nature, base pairs form only between A and T and between G and C; thus the base sequence of each single strand can be deduced from that of its partner.
- A service that stores DNA extracted from blood samples or other human tissue.
DNA repair genes
- Genes encoding proteins that correct errors in DNA sequencing.
- The use of existing DNA as a template for the synthesis of new DNA strands. In humans and other eukaryotes, replication occurs in the cell nucleus.
- The relative order of base pairs, whether in a DNA fragment, gene, chromosome, or an entire genome.
base sequence analysis
- A discrete portion of a protein with its own function. The combination of domains in a single protein determines its overall function.
- An allele that is almost always expressed, even if only one copy is present.
- The twisted-ladder shape that two linear strands of DNA assume when complementary nucleotides on opposing strands bond together.
- The sequence generated by the HGP as of June 2000 that, while incomplete, offers a virtual road map to an estimated 95% of all human genes. Draft sequence data are mostly in the form of 10,000 base pair-sized fragments whose approximate chromosomal locations are known.
sequencing, finished DNA sequence, working draft DNA sequence
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