David L Wood III

David Wood

David L Wood III

Bio

David Wood is a Senior Staff Scientist, Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing Team Lead, Fuel Cell Technologies Program Manager, and UT Bredesen Center Faculty Member at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researching novel electrode architectures, advanced processing methods, manufacturing science, and materials characterization for lithium ion batteries and low-temperature fuel cells, and has been employed there since 2009.  He is a well-known energy conversion and storage researcher with an industrial and academic career that began in 1995.  From 1997 to 2002, he was employed by General Motors Corporation and SGL Carbon Group, excelling at applied R&D related to automotive and stationary PEFC technology.  Later work (2003-2009) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Cabot Corporation focused on elucidation of key chemical degradation mechanisms, development of accelerated testing methods, and component development.  Dr. Wood received his B.S. in Chemical Engineering from North Carolina State University in 1994, his M.S. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Kansas in 1998, and his Ph.D. in Electrochemical Engineering from the University of New Mexico in 2007.  He was part of two LANL research teams that won the DOE Hydrogen Program R&D Award for outstanding achievement in 2005 and 2009.  He was also part of the Cabot Corporation Direct Methanol Fuel Cell team, which won the Samuel W. Bodman Award for Excellence in 2008.  Dr. Wood was also the 2011 winner of the ORNL Early Career Award for Engineering Accomplishment and led a team that won both a 2013 R&D 100 award and 2014 Federal Laboratory Consortium (FLC) award with Porous Power Technologies.  He has 12 issued patents and patent applications, authored 39 refereed journal articles and transactions papers, authored 2 book chapters, and given 59 technical presentations.  His personal Web of Science impact factor is 90.4.  Dr. Wood manages an average annual ORNL budget of $9.5M related to hydrogen infrastructure issues, polymer electrolyte fuel cells, and lithium ion batteries.

 

Awards

  • R&D 100 Award Finalist, Sharp Laboratories of America and ORNL – Low Cost Sodium Ion Battery to Enable Grid Scale Energy Storage (2016).
  • ORNL Energy & Transportation Science Division Exceptional Effort Award (2014).
  • Federal Laboratory Consortium (FLC) Excellence in Technology Transfer Award – SYMMETRIX® HPX-F Lithium-Ion Battery Nanocomposite Separator (2014).
  • R&D 100 Award, Porous Power Technologies, LLC and ORNL – Novel SYMMETRIX® HPX-F Nanocomposite Separator for Improved Lithium Ion Battery Safety (2013).
  • ORNL Significant Event Award for Advanced Characterization and Processing for Lithium Ion Battery Materials (2011).
  • ORNL Early Career Award for Engineering Accomplishment (2011).
  • ORNL Partnerships Key Contributor Award (2010).
  • DOE Hydrogen Program R&D Award – LANL fuel cell (FC) impurities team for Outstanding Contribution in Determining the Effects of Impurities on FC Performance and Durability (2009).
  • Samuel W. Bodman Award for Excellence presented to Cabot Corporation DMFC team (2008).
  • DOE Hydrogen Program R&D Award – LANL FC durability team for Outstanding Achievement in R&D of PEMFC Durability (2005).
  • Honorable mention for Dr. Bernard S. Baker Student Award for Fuel Cell Research (2005).
  • Winner of inaugural Fuel Cell Seminar Best Poster Award Contest (2004).

Publications

JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS

  1. J. Li, Z. Du, R.E. Ruther, S.J. An, L.A. David, K. Hays, M. Wood, N.D. Phillip, Y. Sheng, C. Mao, S. Kalnaus, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, III, “Towards Low-Cost, High Energy Density, and High Power Density Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Journal of the Minerals Metals & Materials Society, in press, 2017.
  2. S.J. An, J. Li, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, III, “Design and Demonstration of Three-Electrode Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 164, A1755–A1764 (2017).
  3. P. Rupnowski, M. Ulsh, B. Sopori, B. Green, D.L. Wood III, J. Li, and Y. Sheng, “In-Line Monitoring of Li-Ion Battery Electrode Porosity and Areal Loading Using Active Thermal Scanning – Modeling and Initial Experiment,” Journal of Power Sources, in press, 2017.
  4. S.J. An, J. Li, C. Daniel, H.M. Meyer, III, S.E. Trask, B.J. Polzinn, and D.L. Wood, III, “Electrolyte Volume Effects on Electrochemical Performance and Solid Electrolyte Interphase in Si-Graphite/NMC Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9, 18799–18808 (2017).
  5. Z. Liu, D.L. Wood, III, and P.P. Mukherjee, “Evaporation Induced Nanoparticle – Binder Interaction in Electrode Film Formation,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 19, 10051–10061 (2017).
  6. Z. Du, K.M. Rollag, J. Li, S.J. An, M. Wood, Y. Sheng, P.P. Mukherjee, C. Daniel, and D. L. Wood, III, “Enabling Aqueous Processing for Crack-Free Thick Electrodes,” Journal of Power Sources, 354, 200–206 (2017).
  7. S.J. An, J. Li, and D.L. Wood, Addendum to “Fast Formation Cycling for Lithium Ion Batteries” [J. Power Sources 342 (2017) 846–852], Journal of Power Sources, 350, 152 (2017).
  8. S.J. An, J. Li, Z. Du, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, III, “Fast Formation Cycling for Lithium Ion Batteries,” Journal of Power Sources, 342, 846–852 (2017).
  9. D.L. Wood, III, J.D. Quass, J. Li, S. Ahmed, D. Ventola, and C. Daniel, “Technical and Economic Analysis of Solvent-Based Lithium-Ion Electrode Drying with Water and NMP,” Drying Technology, in press, 2017.
  10. D. Mohanty, B. Mazumder, A. Devaraj, A.S. Sefat, A. Huq, E.A. Payzant, J. Li, D.P. Abraham, D. L. Wood III, and C. Daniel, “Unraveling the Degradation Pathways in High-Voltage Oxides for High-Energy-Density Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Nano Energy, 36, 76–84 (2017).
  11. S.J. An, J. Li, D. Mohanty, C. Daniel, B. Polzin, J. Croy, and D.L. Wood, III, “Correlation of Electrolyte Volume and Electrochemical Performance in Lithium-ion Pouch Cells with Graphite Anodes and NMC532 Cathodes,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 164, A1195–A1202 (2017).
  12. Z. Du, D.L. Wood, III, C. Daniel, S. Kalnaus, and J. Li, “Understanding Limiting Factors in Thick Electrode Performance as Applied to High-Energy-Density Li-Ion Batteries,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 47, 405–415 (2017).
  13. S.J. An, J. Li, Y. Sheng, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, III, “Long-Term Lithium-Ion Battery Performance Improvement via Ultraviolet Light Treatment of the Graphite Anode,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 163, A2866–A2875 (2016).
  14. V. García-Negrón, N.D. Phillip, J. Li, Claus Daniel, D. Wood, D.J. Keffer, O. Rios, and D.P. Harper, „Processing-Structure-Property Relationships for Lignin-based Carbonaceous Materials used in Energy Storage Applications,” Energy Technology, DOI: 10.1002/ente.201600646 (2016).
  15. Z. Du, C. Janke, J. Li, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, III, “Electron Beam Curing of Composite Positive Electrode for Li-Ion Batteries,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 163, A2776–A2780 (2016).
  16. D. Mohanty, K. Dahlberg, D.M. King, L.A. David, A.S. Sefat, D.L. Wood III, C. Daniel, S. Dhar, V. Mahajan, M. Lee, and F. Albano, “Modification of Ni-Rich FCG NMC and NCA Cathodes by Atomic Layer Deposition: Preventing Surface Phase Transitions for High-Voltage Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Scientific Reports, 6, 26532 (2016). [3, Web of Science]
  17. S.J. An, S. Nagpure, J. Li., C. Daniel, D. Mohanty, and D.L. Wood, III, “The State of Understanding of the Lithium-Ion-Battery Graphite Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) and Its Relationship to Formation Cycling,” Carbon, 105, 52–76, 2016. [6, Web of Science]
  18. D. Mohanty, J. Li, C. Daniel, and D. L. Wood III, “Effect of Electrode Manufacturing Defects on Electrochemical Performance of Lithium-Ion Batteries; Cognizance of the Battery Failure Sources,” Journal of Power Sources, 312, 70–79 (2016). [2, Web of Science]
  19. J. Li, C. Daniel, S.J. An, D. Wood, “Evaluation Residual Moisture in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes and Its Effect on Electrode Performance,” MRS Advances, 1 (15), 1029-1035 (2016).
  20. D. Mohanty, J. Li, S. Nagpure, D.L. Wood III, and C. Daniel, “Understanding the Structure and Structural Degradation Mechanisms in High-Voltage Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Oxides: A Review of Materials Diagnostics,” MRS Energy & Sustainability, Vol. 2, DOI:10.1557/mre.2015.16 (2015).
  21. D. Mohanty, A.S. Sefat, E.A. Payzant, D.L. Wood III, and C. Daniel, “Unconventional Irreversible Structural Changes in a High-Voltage Li-Mn-Rich Oxide for Lithium Ion Battery Cathodes,” Journal of Power Sources, 283, 423 (2015). [4, Web of Science]
  22. D.L. Wood, J. Li, and C. Daniel, “Prospects for Reducing the Processing Cost of Lithium Ion Batteries,” Journal of Power Sources, 275, 234–242 (2015). [33, Web of Science]
  23. D. Mohanty, J. Li, D.P. Abraham, A. Huq, A.S. Sefat, E.A. Payzant, D.L. Wood, III, and C. Daniel, “Unraveling the Voltage Fade Mechanism in High-Energy Density Lithium-ion Batteries: Origin of the Tetrahedral Cations for Spinel Conversion,” Chemistry of Materials, 26, 6272 (2014). [40, Web of Science]
  24. J.F. Browning, L. Baggetto, K.L. Jungjohann, Y. Wang, W.E. Tenhaeff, J.K. Keum, D.L. Wood, and G.M. Veith, “In Situ Determination of the Liquid/Solid Interface Thickness and Composition for the Li-Ion Cathode LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 6, 18569 (2014). [11, Web of Science]
  25. L. Baggetto, D. Mohanty, R.A. Meisner, C.A. Bridges, C. Daniel, D.L. Wood, III, N.J. Dudney, and G.M. Veith, “Degradation Mechanisms of Lithium-Rich Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide Cathode Thin Films,” RSC Advances, 4, 23364–23371 (2014). [8, Web of Science]
  26. N. Gallego, C. Contescu, H.M. Meyer, J.Y. Howe, R.A. Meisner, E.A. Payzant, M.J. Lance, S. Yoon, M. Denlinger, and D.L. Wood, “Advanced Surface and Microstructural Characterization of Natural Graphite Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries,” Carbon, 72, 393–401 (2014). [9, Web of Science]
  27. D. Mohanty, J. Li, R. Born, L.C. Maxey, R.B. Dinwiddie, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, “Non-Destructive Evaluation of Slot-Die-Coated Lithium Secondary Battery Electrodes by In-Line Laser Caliper and IR Thermography Methods,” Analytical Methods, 6, 674–683 (2014). [7, Web of Science]
  28. D. Mohanty, A.S. Sefat, J. Li, R.A. Meisner, A.J. Rondinone, E.A. Payzant, D.P. Abraham, D.L. Wood, and C. Daniel, “Correlating Cation Ordering and Voltage Fade in a Lithium-Manganese-Rich Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Oxide: A Joint Magnetic Susceptibility and TEM Study,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 15, 19496–19509 (2013). [37, Web of Science]
  29. D. Mohanty, A. Huq, E.A. Payzant, A.S. Sefat, J. Li, D.P. Abraham, D.L. Wood, and C. Daniel, “Neutron Diffraction and Magnetic Susceptibility Studies on a High-Voltage Li1.2Mn0.55Ni0.15Co0.10O2 Lithium Ion Battery Cathode: Insight into the Crystal Structure,” Chemistry of Materials, 25, 4064–4070 (2013). [27, Web of Science]
  30. D. Mohanty, A.S. Sefat, S. Kalnaus, J. Li, R.A. Meisner, E.A. Payzant, D.P. Abraham, D.L. Wood, and C. Daniel, “Investigating Phase Transformation in Li1.2Co0.1Mn0.55Ni0.15O2 Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode During High-Voltage Hold (4.5 V) via Magnetic, X-ray Diffraction and Electron Microscopy Studies,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 1, 6249–6261 (2013). [56, Web of Science]
  31. J. Li, B.L. Armstrong, J. Kiggans, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, “Optimization of Multicomponent Aqueous Suspensions of LiFePO4 Nanoparticles and Carbon Black for Lithium Ion Battery Cathodes,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 405, 118–124 (2013). [11, Web of Science]
  32. D. Mohanty, S. Kalnaus, R.A. Meisner, A.S. Sefat, J. Li, K.J. Rhodes, E.A. Payzant, D.L. Wood, and C. Daniel “Structural Transformation in a Li1.2Co0.1Mn0.55Ni0.15O2 Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode During High-Voltage Hold,” RSC Advances, 3, 7479–7485 (2013). [22, Web of Science]
  33. D. Mohanty, S. Kalnaus, R.A. Meisner, K.J. Rhodes, E.A. Payzant, D.L. Wood, and C. Daniel, “Structural Transformation of a Lithium-Rich Li1.2Co0.1Mn0.55Ni0.15O2 Cathode During High Voltage Cycling Resolved by In-Situ X-Ray Diffraction,” Journal of Power Sources, 229, 239–248 (2013). [142, Web of Science]
  34. J. Li, B.L. Armstrong, J. Kiggans, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, “Lithium Ion Cell Performance Enhancement Using Aqueous LiFePO4 Cathode Dispersions and Polyethyleneimine Dispersant,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 160, A201–A206 (2013). [24, Web of Science]
  35. R.C. Bowman, Jr., E.A. Payzant, P.R. Wilson, D.P. Pearson, A. Ledovskikh, D. Danilov, P.H.L. Notten, K. An, H.D. Skorpenske, and D.L. Wood, “Characterization and Analyses of Degradation and Recovery of LaNi4.78Sn0.22 Hydrides Following Thermal Aging,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 580, S207–S210 (2013). [3, Web of Science]
  36. J. Li, C. Rulison, J. Kiggans, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, “Superior Performance of LiFePO4 Aqueous Dispersions via Corona Treatment and Surface Energy Optimization,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 159, A1152–A1157 (2012). [9, Web of Science]
  37. J. Li, B.L. Armstrong, J. Kiggans, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, “Optimization of LiFePO4 Nanoparticle Suspensions with Polyethyleneimine for Aqueous Processing,” Langmuir, 28, 3783–3790 (2012). [37, Web of Science]
  38. J. Li, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, “Materials Processing for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Journal of Power Sources, 196, 2452–2460 (2011). [142, Web of Science]
  39. J. Xie, F. Xu, D.L. Wood, K.L. More, T.A. Zawodzinski, and W.H. Smith, “Influence of Ionomer Content on the Structure and Performance of PEFC Membrane Electrode Assemblies,” Electrochimica Acta, 55, 7404–7412 (2010). [39, Web of Science]
  40. D.L. Wood and R.L. Borup, “Estimation of Mass-Transport Overpotentials During Long-Term PEMFC Operation,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 157, B1251–B1262 (2010). [8, Web of Science]
  41. D.L. Wood, C. Rulison, and R.L. Borup, “Surface Properties of PEMFC Gas Diffusion Layers,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 157, B195–B206 (2010). [20, Web of Science]
  42. D.L. Wood, J. Chlistunoff, J. Majewski, and R.L. Borup, “Nafion Structural Phenomena at Platinum and Carbon Interfaces,” Journal of The American Chemical Society, 131, 18096–18104 (2009). [43, Web of Science]
  43. R. Borup, J. Meyers, B. Pivovar, Y.S. Kim, N. Garland, D. Myers, R. Mukundan, M. Wilson, F. Garzon, D. Wood et al., “Scientific Aspects of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability and Degradation,” Chemical Reviews, 107, 3904–3951 (2007). [1545, Web of Science]
  44. R. Borup, J. Davey, F. Garzon, D. Wood, and M. Inbody, “PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalyst Durability Measurements,” Journal of Power Sources, 163, 76–81 (2006). [294, Web of Science]
  45. J. Xie, D.L. Wood, K.L. More, P. Atanassov, and R.L. Borup, “Microstructural Changes of Membrane Electrode Assemblies During PEFC Durability Testing at High Humidity Conditions,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 152, A1011–A1020 (2005). [226, Web of Science]
  46. J. Xie, D.L. Wood, D.M. Wayne, T.A. Zawodzinski, P. Atanassov, and R.L. Borup, “Durability of PEFCs at High Humidity Conditions,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 152, A104–A113 (2005). [252, Web of Science]
  47. D.L. Wood, J.S. Yi, and T.V. Nguyen, “Effect of Direct Liquid Water Injection and Interdigitated Flow Field on the Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells,” Electrochimica Acta, 43, 3795-3809 (1998). [169, Web of Science]

 

TRANSACTIONS PAPERS & CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

  1. P. Hagans, S. Babinec, W. Hicks, L.C. Maxey, R. Dinwiddie, B.L. Armstrong, D.L. Wood III, and C. Daniel, “Understanding the Source of Flaws in a Nanocomposite Ceramic Separator (NCS) for Li Ion Batteries,” 46th Power Sources Conference, Session 35, Paper 6, (2014).
  2. C. Daniel, D. Mohanty, J. Li, and D.L. Wood, III, “Cathode Materials Review,” ESTORM 2013, AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1597, Issue 1-2, pp. 26-43 (2014).
  3. D.L. Wood, III, J. Li, D. Mohanty, C. Daniel, B.L. Armstrong, R.B. Dinwiddie, H. Wang, R.M. Trejo, N.C. Gallego, C.I. Contescu, J.Y. Howe, R.A. Meisner, J. Kiggans, and B.D. Brown, “Advanced Materials Processing and Novel Characterization Methods for Low-Cost, High Energy-Density Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Proceedings of the Advanced Automotive Battery Conference (2013).
  4. D.L. Wood, R. Mukundan, and R.L. Borup, “In-Plane Mass-Transport Studies of GDL Variation Using the Segmented Cell Approach,” ECS Transactions, 25 (1), 1495–1506 (2009).
  5. D. Wood, J. Davey, P. Atanassov, and R. Borup, “PEMFC Component Characterization and Its Relationship to Mass-Transport Overpotentials during Long-Term Testing,” ECS Transactions, 3 (1), 753–763 (2006).
  6. D. Wood, J. Chlistunoff, E. Watkins, P. Atanassov, and R. Borup, “Elucidation of PEMFC Electrocatalyst-Layer Surface and Interfacial Phenomena via Neutron Reflectivity,” ECS Transactions, 3 (1), 1011–1021 (2006).
  7. R. Borup, J. Davey, F. Garzon, D. Wood, P. Welch and K. More, “PEM Fuel Cell Durability with Transportation Transient Operation,” ECS Transactions, 3 (1), 879–886 (2006).
  8. J. Xie, D.L. Wood, K.L. More, T.A. Zawodzinski, and W.H. Smith, “Influence of Ionomer Content on the Structure and Performance of PEFC Membrane Electrode Assemblies,” in Proton Conducting Membrane Fuel Cells IV, M. Murthy, K. Ota, J.W. Van Zee, S.R. Narayanan, and E.S. Takeuchi, Editors, PV 2004-21, pp. 657–671, The Electrochemical Society Proceedings Series, Pennington, NJ (2004).

Patents

  1. B. Sopori, M. Ulsh, P. Rupnowski, G. Bender, M. Penev, J. Li, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, III, “Batch and Continuous Methods for Evaluating the Physical and Thermal Properties of Films,” Filed March 8th, 2016, U.S. Patent Application No. 16/051,314 (Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC).
  2. D.J. King, S. Babinec, P.L. Hagans, L.C. Maxey, E.A. Payzant, C. Daniel, A.S. Sabau, R.B. Dinwiddie, B.L. Armstrong, J.Y. Howe, D.L. Wood, III, and N.S. Nembhard “Characterization of Dielectric Materials,” Filed January 22nd, 2015, U.S. Patent No. 9,689,822 (UT-Battelle, LLC), 2017.
  3. J. Li, B.L. Armstrong, C. Daniel, D.L. Wood, “Aqueous Processing of Composite Lithium Ion Electrode Material,” Filed January 6th, 2015, U.S. Patent No. 9,685,652 (UT-Battelle, LLC), 2017.
  4. B.L. Armstrong, C. Daniel, J.Y. Howe, J.O. Kiggans, Jr., A.S. Sabau, and D.L. Wood, III, “Method and Apparatus for In-Situ Drying Investigation and Optimization of Slurry Drying Methodology,” Filed October 19th, 2012, U.S. Patent No. 9,337,470 (UT-Battelle, LLC), 2016.
  5. J. Li, B.L. Armstrong, C. Daniel, D.L. Wood, “Aqueous Processing of Composite Lithium Ion Electrode Material,” Filed October 12th, 2012, U.S. Patent No. 8,956,688 (UT-Battelle, LLC), 2015.
  6. C.I. Contescu, N.C. Gallego, J.Y. Howe, H.M. Meyer, III, E.A. Payzant, D.L. Wood, III, S.Y. Yoon, and M.R. Denlinger, “Forming Gas Treatment of Lithium Ion Battery Anode Graphite Powders,” Filed August 20th, 2012, U.S. Patent No. 8,834,829 (UT-Battelle, LLC), 2014.
  7. M. Mathias, B. Sompalli, M. Schoeneweiss, and D. Wood, “Poröses Diffusionsmedium, Vorrichtung mit einem porösen Diffusionsmedium und Vorrichtung mit einer Membranelektrodenanordnung,” Filed December 8th, 2003, German Patent No. DE 10,394,032 (General Motors Corporation), 2013.
  8. M. Mathias, R. Darling, and D.L. Wood, “Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell,” Filed November 24th, 2003, U.S. Patent No. 7,157,178 (General Motors Corporation), 2007.
  9. M.F. Mathias, J. Roth, B. Sompalli, M. Schoeneweiss, and D. Wood, “Diffusion Media, Fuel Cells, and Fuel Cell Powered Systems,” Filed October 14th, 2003, U.S. Patent No. 7,303,835 (General Motors Corporation), 2007.
  10. M. Mathias, R. Darling, and D.L Wood III, “Verbesserte Protonenaustauschmembran-Brennstoffzelle,” Filed October 7th, 2004, German Patent No. DE 112,004,002,294 (General Motors Corporation), 2006.
  11. M. Mathias, R. Darling, and D. Wood, III, “Improved Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell,” Filed October 7th, 2004, World Patent No. WO 2005057684 (General Motors Corporation), 2006.
  12. M. Mathias, J. Roth, B. Sompalli, M. Schoeneweiss, and D. Wood, “Diffusion Layer and Fuel Cells,” Filed December 8th, 2003, World Patent No. WO 2004066427 (General Motors Corporation), 2004.
  13. D. Wood, S. Grot, and G. Fly, “Verbundanordnung zur Gasverteilung bei Brennstoffzellen,” Filed September 28th, 2000 German Patent No. DE 10,048,182 (General Motors Corporation), 2004.
  14. D.L. Wood, S.A. Grot, and G. Fly, “Composite Gas Distribution Structure for Fuel Cell,” Filed September 24th, 1999, U.S. Patent No. 6,350,539 (General Motors Corporation), 2002.

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