For significant impacts to the fields of synthetic biology and biological interfaces, innovations in the use of chemistry and nanotechnology to develop a molecular mechanistic understanding of complex biological systems, and pioneering approaches in chemical imaging through integration with mass spectrometry-based detection.
For his pioneering efforts in silicon carbide–based power electronics, which have paved the way for vehicle and grid infrastructure advancements, enabling transformational achievements in wireless power transfer and electric drivetrain applications, and for the continuing significant impact his accomplishments will have on the global move toward the electrification and decarbonization of the mobility sector.
For environmental-effects research related to energy technologies and their use, focusing on the impacts of climate and atmospheric changes on the physiology, growth, and biogeochemical cycles of North American forest ecosystems.
For internationally recognized contributions in distributed and cluster computing, including the development of the Parallel Virtual Machine and the Message Passing Interface standard now widely used in science to solve computational problems in biology, physics, chemistry, and materials science.
For leadership in the development of high-temperature materials for energy and space applications, based on innovative use of physical metallurgy principles and basic physics knowledge to understand crystal structures and the mechanical properties of structural materials.
For original studies of the genetic effects of radiation in mammals. A world authority on mammalian mutagenesis, he and co-workers provided the experimental basis for estimating the genetic hazards of radiation to man and for the corresponding recommendations of national and international standards bodies