For significant impacts to the fields of synthetic biology and biological interfaces, innovations in the use of chemistry and nanotechnology to develop a molecular mechanistic understanding of complex biological systems, and pioneering approaches in chemical imaging through integration with mass spectrometry-based detection.
For his pioneering efforts in silicon carbide–based power electronics, which have paved the way for vehicle and grid infrastructure advancements, enabling transformational achievements in wireless power transfer and electric drivetrain applications, and for the continuing significant impact his accomplishments will have on the global move toward the electrification and decarbonization of the mobility sector.
For his leadership in separations science and technology; for improving nuclear fuel recycling and waste removal; and for leading the development process that was instrumental in the cleanup of waste at the Savannah River Site.
For environmental-effects research related to energy technologies and their use, focusing on the impacts of climate and atmospheric changes on the physiology, growth, and biogeochemical cycles of North American forest ecosystems.
For pioneering research and development of new materials for advanced energy technologies, including materials for (a) the storage of nuclear waste, (b) the solid-state generation of electrical power directly from heat, and (c) the lossless transport of electricity.
For pioneering research in disturbance and landscape ecology and in modeling of land-use change with its implications for global changes, which have influenced environmental decision making on a worldwide scale.
For internationally recognized contributions in distributed and cluster computing, including the development of the Parallel Virtual Machine and the Message Passing Interface standard now widely used in science to solve computational problems in biology, physics, chemistry, and materials science.
For pioneering work on energy conservation, including development of energy demand models, data bases, and analyses of energy use trends, which has contributed to federal and state energy policies and programs and to demand-side planning by electric utilities.