ORNL Review Archive
Capitalizing on a new research model
- Editorial: Institutes provide a new avenue for research collaborations
- Features: Capitalizing on a new research model ... Climate Change Science Institute breaks research barriers to build options for a changing world ... Imaging institute examines materials atom by atom ... ORNL institute will transform Big Data into sustainable solutions for urban living ... Understanding big data: New partnerships support health care innovation ... Going off grid: Integrated energy systems research rethinks reliance on traditional electric grid ... Sharing scientific vision: The Joint Institutes
- Wigner Distinguished Lecture Series: Craig Barrett ... Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
- Research Horizons: ORNL study reveals new characteristics of complex oxide surfaces ... ORNL, UTGSM study compares structures of Huntington’s disease protein ... Data gathered with high-energy X-ray telescope support the SASI model—a decade later
Neutrons and Bioscience
- Editorial: Neutrons and bioscience
- Features: Advancing the science of materials ... A broad approach to green tech ... Building better biofuels ... All eyes on the Arctic ... Biological boundaries ... Tailoring the poplar genome to biofuel production ... Seeking sustainability ... The Wigner Distinguished Lecture Series in Science, Technology, and Policy
- A Closer Look: Daniel Close
- Research Horizons: Solar surprise ... 3D printing yields advantages for US ITER engineers ... Novel ORNL technique enables air-stable water droplet networks
- Editorial: Challenging scientific myths
- Features: Ethanol forces a choice between food and fuel ... Alzheimer's is an incurable disease ... ORNL glows in the dark ... Enormous supercomputers are making research impractical ... Recycling spent nuclear fuel increases the risk of weapons proliferation ... Only an engineer can operate a zero-energy house ... Lighter cars are less safe than heavier vehicles ... Wireless technologies are inherently unreliable
- A Closer View: Jeff Smith
- Research Horizons: Still the Leader
- Awards: And the Winner Is ...
- Editorial: Extreme Science
- Features: Miraculous Coatings … Under Extreme Pressure … Extremely Strong … Extremely Waterproof … Molecules in Jail … Defying Traditional Behavior … Where It All Began … The Universe Is Us … Predictions at the Extreme
- A Closer View: Michelle Buchanan
- Research Horizons: Feeling the Heat ... The Next Small Thing
- Awards: And the Winner Is ...
Pursuing Energy Options
- Editorial: The South’s Energy Laboratory
- Features: Southern Solution … The Missing Piece … A Different Path … Facing the Right Direction … Giving Back … Southern Teamwork … Reducing the Appetite … The Ultimate Solution
- A Closer View: Dana Christensen
- Research Horizons: Extending the Half-Life … A Renewed Interest … Mouse-Like … Modeling Metal Fuels …
- Awards: And the Winners Are...
Moving Technology to the Marketplace
- Editorial: An Important Part of the Mission
- Features: Moving Technology to the Marketplace ... Putting the Pieces Together ... Playing at the College Level ... The Lab of the South ... A Culture of Commercialization ... A Capital Idea ... Another Tool in the Toolbox ... Calculating the Odds ... Side by Side ... A Key Mission ... Hundreds of Licenses ... A Marketable Solution ... Taking the Long View ... An Impressive Patent Portfolio ... Superconductor Cure ... Reinvesting Royalties ... A Long-term Investment
- Technology Spotlight: SeizAlert: Forewarning Epileptics ... Wireless Meter Systems ... Hybrid Solar Lighting
- Profile: Gerald Boyd: The Next Frontier
- Research Horizons: Detecting Skin Cancer ... A Biological Solution ... Dancing Proteins ... Pursuing the Exotic ... And the Winners Are ...
National Security Technologies
- Editorial: Science for Security
- Features: Managing the Soviet Legacy ... In Tune with the Russians ... Telltale Evidence ... One Threat at a Time ... Russian Enrichment ... Finding the Trail ... Technologies for the Troops ... Preparing for the Threats ... Creating a Single Team ... At the Local Level ... Matching Technologies ... “Out of Sight” Missions ... A Secure Facility for New Technologies
- Profile: Frank Akers: Building the Bridge
- Research Horizons: Hot-wired ... An Archaeologist in the Laboratory ... Running on Iron ... Quickly and Accurately ... Awards ...
Reclaiming America's Leadership
- Editorial: Reclaiming Leadership In Neutron Science
- Features: Returning Home ... Material Value ... Neutron Tool ... That’s Incredible! ... Instruments Of Change ... A Historic Partnership ... It Took a Village ... An Unsung Hero ... Unlocking the Cells ... Building the Bridge ... Making It Last ... Under Pressure to Change
- Profile: Thom Mason
- Research Horizons: Of Mice and Men ... Instant ID ... Supernova Discoveries ... Hot Technology ... And The Winners Are . . .
- Parallel Computing at ORNL. Computer scientists are learning how to use new parallel processing machines to meet ORNL's research needs. New parallel algorithms for solving large systems of equations have been developed at ORNL.
- Protecting Human Health: The Chemical Challenge. Scientists at ORNL have developed several methods of detecting human responses to hazardous energy-related chemicals. They are using interferon as a bioeffects marker and are developing the "fluoroimmunosensor," which detects minute amounts of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in body fluids and tissues.
- The Technology Transfer Fund: A Status Report on the ORNL Projects. ORNL, DOE, and the Office of Technology Applications of Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., have committed funds to stimulate innovation and bring ORNL technologies to the stage where their commercial potential can be judged. The status of five technology-transfer projects is described.
- Pion Emission from Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions. A theorist said it couldn't be done, but nuclear physicists at ORNL's Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility accelerator have detected the emission of pions, short-lived particles that serve as the "glue" in the nucleus, from low-energy nuclear reactions. Current theory is being revised to explain how pions can be produced at unexpectedly low energies.
- Managing Hazardous Waste: ORNL Examines the Options. ORNL is playing an important role in managing the nation's defense-chemical wastes and in devising better ways of dealing with its own hazardous materials.
- Books. Chancing It: Why We Take Risks is reviewed by W. S. Lyon.
- Take a Number
- Technical Capsules. Device to measure metal deformation wins IR 100 award; technology transfer and cell freezing.
- Lab Anecdote. The story of the radiation-danger symbol.
- News Notes. ORNL Director Herman Postma talks to President Reagan; Radio Frequency Test Facility completed; Associate Director Fred Mynatt testifies on advanced reactors for space; fusion magnet facility begins 6-coil tests; Athens power-distribution experiment under way; Life Sciences Complex plans told; Cummins Engine licensing breaks new ground.
- Awards and Appointments
- Fractals: Realm of Monster Curves and Irregular Solids A solid-state physicist has turned to fractals to understand the strange electrical properties of the interface between an electrode and various electrolytes. He suggests that fractals—a mathematical concept that describes a large class of irregular natural objects—could be useful in other areas of ORNL research.
- Conservation as an Energy Resource: Electricity Savings from a Utility Program What are the energy and economic impacts of a utility program in the Pacific Northwest that offered homeowners incentives to reduce electricity use? An ORNL team has completed a study of the benefits and costs of such a program.
- SPECIAL SECTION: Biotechnology at ORNL
- A Question of Impurities: ORNL Examines a Persistent Fusion Problem Bob Clausing and others at ORNL have conducted studies to determine which cleaning techniques work best to remove the most obnoxious impurities from fusion vessel walls to prevent plasma energy losses.
- Transuranium-Element Production and Research For almost two decades ORNL's High Flux lsotope Reactor (HFIR) and Transuranium Processing Plant (TRU) have produced most of the transuranium elements used by researchers in the Western world. ORNL's Transuranium Research Laboratory, where research is carried out on the HFIR-TRU products, has become an international center for collaborative research. ORNL collaboration with the University of Tennessee has been particularly strong in inorganic chemistry and solid-state physics.
- Books. Freeman Dyson's Weapons and Hope is reviewed by Jack Barkenbus
- Take a Number
- News Notes. New parallel-processing computer at ORNL; uranium wastes solidified at Laboratory; ORNL agents tested in European patients; High-Temperature Materials Laboratory inaugurated; Technology Transfer briefs
- Awards and Appointments