ORNL Review Archive
- Editorial: Driving R&D through supercomputing
- Features: Solvable problems ... Moving to Titan ... Programming Titan ... Virtual reactor ... Joining forces for biofuels ... Behind the data ... Climate models for a changing world ... Modeling material defects
- A Closer View: Jeff Nichols
- Research Horizons Oxygen-23 Loses Its Halo ... ORNL/UTK Team Maps the Nuclear Landscape
- Editorial: Generating Innovation
- Features: Innovation drives the nation ... Printing out the future ... Next-gen engineers ... Synergistic R&D ... Strategic science ... Competitive advantage ... Keeping it fresh ... 10,000 feet down ... Waterproof warriors
- A Closer View: Lonnie Love
- Research Horizons: GE turbomachinery ... Titan rising
Zoom in on Nanoscience
- Editorial: Nanoscience in the 21st century
- Features: Creative synergy ... Vascular voyage ... Better batteries from the ground up ... Probing nanopores ... Designing materials for the future ... Speed-reading DNA ... A closer look at catalysts ... Molecular machinery
- A Closer View: Sean Smith
- Research Horizons: Quantum advantage
Addressing the World's Energy Challenges
- Systems Biology: Advancing at a Breathtaking Pace : Editorial: Unraveling Life's Molecular Mysteries ... New Tools of Analysis ... First, the Questions ... Sequencing The First Tree Genome ... Pathways Underlying Disorders ... Piloting The Pipeline ... Neutron-Rich Mecca For Biologists ... A Clean Mouse Research Lab ... A Return On Investment ... Providing Access to The Best Biological Tools
- A Rich Past: Pioneer of Biological Research ... ORNL's Unsung Discovery
- Profile: Tuan Vo-Dinh: Inventor and Mentor
- Research Horizons: Guiding Light ... Another World Record
- Awards: ...and the Winners are...
Addressing the World's Energy Challenges
- Editorial: Regaining America's Leadership in High-Performance Computing ... Leadership-Class Computing for Science
- Scientific Discovery: Biology: Uncovering Secrets of Living Cells ... Climate and Carbon Research: Glimpses of Global Warming ... Fusion: Progress Through Computation ... Materials: Exploring and Modeling 21st Century Materials ... Astrophysics: Simulating Supernovae ... Chemistry: Tomorrow's Molecular and Nanoscale Devices
- Partnerships, Systems, Services, Support: Center for Computational Sciences: A Leadership-Class Facility ... Partnerships: Joining Hands to Address National Problems ... Networking: Linking America's Laboratories ... Software Tools: Scalable Systems Software for Terascale Computer Centers ... Future Computing Technologies: Pathfinders for Ultrascale Computing ... Visualization: New Ways to Understand the Data ... Industry: A Critical Connection
- Awards: ...and the Winners are...
Back To The Future: Nuclear Energy Research
- Features: Editorial ... Nuclear Power And Hydrogen Production: Fabricating Fuels ... Future Reactor Materials: Can the Next Generation Take The Heat? ... Future Reactor Materials: A Revolutionary Reactor Concept ... Uranium Enrichment: Coming Full Circle ... Nuclear Waste: Recovering Fuel From Waste ... Nuclear Safety: Staying In The Comfort Zone ... Nuclear Fuel: Getting Credit ... Reactor Power In Space: Shooting For The Moons ... Reactor Power In Space: Ahead Of Their Time
- Groundbreaking Science: New Horizons In Science Briefing ... Carrying Your Weight ... Defining The "Machines Of Life" ... Nanofluidics And The Artificial Cell ... Imitating Nature ... Tiny Detectors ... A Neutron Microscope ... Neutron Clues ... Uncovering The Evidence ... Bone Diaries ... From Exotic To Extinct ... Protein Folding Gone Awry ... Unfolding The Answers
- Profile: Jeff Wadsworth: New Director, New Directions
- Research Horizons: Cyber Science ... Modernizing The Grid ... ORNL's Impact On Big Bang Research
- Awards: And The Winners Are...
Basic Research at ORNL
- Editorial: Basic Research at ORNL
- ORNL’s Search for Rare Isotopes
- ORNL Theorists and the Nuclear Shell Model
- Beam Technologies Enable HRIBF Experiments
- Neutrons, “Stripes,” and Superconductivity
- ORNL’s Neutron Sources and Nuclear Astrophysics
- Modeling Magnetic Mate- rials for Electronic Devices
- In Quest of a Quark: ORNL’s Role in the PHENIX Particle Detector
- New Hope for the Blind from a Spinach Protein
- Human Susceptibility and Mouse Biology
- Modeling a Fusion Plasma Heating Process and Stellarator
- Neutron Sources and Nanoscale Science
- Quantum-Dot Arrays for Computation
- Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers: The Self-Assembly Challenge
- Incredible Shrinking Labs: Weighing a Move to the Nanoscale
- Basic Geochemical Research Supports Energy Industries
- Fermi Award Winner Opened New Fields in Atomic Physics
- Improving the Internet’s Quality of Service
- QOS for Wireless Communication
New Biology: Covering All the Bases
- Editorial: Unraveling Complex Biological Systems
- Systems Biology: New Views of Life
- Genes and Proteins: A Primer
- Complex Biological Systems in Mice
- Gene Chip Engineers
- Searching for Mouse Models of Human Disorders
- Mouse Models for the Human Disease of Chronic Hereditary Tyrosinemia
- Obesity-related Gene in Mouse Discovered at ORNL
- MicroCAT “Sees” Hidden Mouse Defects
- Curing Cancer in Mice
- Search for Signs of Inflammatory Disease
- Surprises in the Mouse Genome
- Protein Identification by Mass Spectrometry
- Rapid Genetic Disease Screening Possible Using Laser Mass Spectrometry
- Lab on a Chip Used for Protein Studies
- The Mouse House: From Old to New
- Human Genome Analyzed Using Supercomputer
- Protein Prediction Tool Has Good Prospects
- Microbe Probe: Studying Bacterial Genomes
- SNS and Biological Research
- Accessing Information on the Human Genome Project
- A Model Fish for Pollutant Studies
- Controlling Carbon in Hybrid Poplar Trees
- Disease Detectives
- Acid Rain and Dry Deposition of Atmospheric Pollutants: ORNL Studies the Effects. Acidic precipitation and atmospheric deposition may be involved in the decline of some forests and in the elevation of aluminum levels in streams. ORNL researchers play an important role in pinpointing the effects of atmospheric pollutants on vegetation, fish, and surface waters.
- Photosynthetic Water Splitting. Using light and algae or nonliving systems, ORNL scientists have photosynthetically split water into oxygen and hydrogen, a clean fuel and chemical feedstock.
- Simulating Processes Within the Earth: Experimental Geochemistry at ORNL. Geochemists at ORNL are using unique devices to simulate in a very short time the chemical processes that form rocks and minerals. The basic research may help solve problems affecting geothermal power, nuclear waste isolation, and exploration for ores and natural gas.
- Drinking Water and Cardiovascular Disease. An epidemiological study of Wisconsin farmers indicates that persons with cardiovascular disease drink softer water than persons without the disease.
- Environmental and Health Impacts of Water Chlorination. ORNL chemist Bob Jolley was the first to identify potentially hazardous organic compounds formed by adding chlorine to wastewater. He has also led an effort to identify drinking water compounds that cause thyroid disease.
- Groundwater Pollution: Environmental and Legal Problems. A book edited by two ORNL researchers discusses the implications of groundwater pollution caused by human discharges of synthetic chemicals. ORNL scientists' attempts to monitor and prevent deteriorative groundwater quality are explored.
- New Agents To Detect Heart Disease. ORNL's Nuclear Medicine Group has designed and developed radioactive agents for safely and more clearly evaluating heart disease and the effectiveness of therapy. These agents include iodine-123-labeled methyl-branched fatty acids. The group has also developed an improved iridium-191m generator to diagnose heart problems in children. The methyl-branched fatty acids will be tested this year in human patients in Boston and Vienna, and the generator has just entered clinical trials in Europe.
- The Advanced Toroidal Facility: Improving Fusion's Chances . Because further improvements in doughnut-shaped, or toroidal, fusion devices are desirable, ORNL has designed an Advanced Toroidol Facility (ATF). An optimized version of a stellarator (which differs from a tokamak in that it lacks a plasma current to magnetically confine the fusion fuel), the ATF will be built in Oak Ridge and is scheduled to begin operation in late 1986.
- SPECIAL SECTION: Technology for Efficient Power Systems. ORNL is managing the Department of Energy program for developing and testing technologies designed to make electric power systems safer, more reliable, and more efficient. ORNL's interdisciplinary staff of experts has taken on a variety of projects, including planning an automated distribution experiment for Athens, Tennessee, and developing a fiber optics measurement device, low-loss steel alloy, and new insulating materials for use in transformers.
- The Oak Ridge Environment: A Resource To Be Managed. A five-year plan for managing the resources of the Oak Ridge Reservation of the Department of Energy has been developed at ORNL The plan, which is described in the third in a series of articles on ORNL and the environment, deals with both natural and technical resources and provides the means for resolving resource issues such as endangered plant species, contaminated sewage sludge, and the fast-growing deer population.