ORNL Review Archive
Of Scale and Science
- Editorial: Of Scale and Science
- Features: Now, The Science ... Where None Have Gone Before ... Cross Pollination ... Imitating Mother Nature ... An International Affair ... Instruments of Change ... Unconventional Understanding ... Doubling Down
- A Closer view: Ian Anderson
- Research Horizons: Heal Thyself
- Awards: And the Winners Are. . .
America's 10 Energy Challenges
- Editorial: Solving the Big Problems
- Features: Both Directions at Once ... Becoming Part of the Process ... Anxiety Attack ... Food or Fuel? ... Too Much Gas ... The Nuclear Option ... Breaking the Grid Lock ... What’s In Store ... Inexhaustible ... Protecting from the Unthinkable
- A Closer View: Thomas Zacharia
- Research Horizons: Bionic Science ... Breaking the Law
- Awards: And the Winners Are. . .
American Science Takes the Lead
- Editorial: A Vision Realized
- Features: The Gamble That Paid ... Kraken Rising ... Superconductivity from Supercomputers ... Going Underground ... Hotter Than The Sun ... The Performance Police ... Doubling Fuel Efficiency ... Invisible Means of Support
- A Closer View: James Hack
- Research Horizons: Cosmic Cauldrons
- Awards: And the Winner Is ...
The Emerging Nanoscience Revolution
- Nanoscience Research at ORNL: Editorial: Joining the Emerging Nanoscience Revolution ... The Next Small Thing ... The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences ... Neutrons and Nanoscience ... Looking at the World Differently ... Nanoworld Records ... Imaging the Invisible ... A New Attraction ... New Tools for Nanoscience ... Producing Polymers ... A Limitless Potential ... Breaking the Mold ... Researching in Bulk ... Layered Film That Stacks Up ... Catalysis at the Nanoscale ... Nature’s Way ... Nanofabrication in the Clean Room
- Profile: Jim Roberto: Weighing in on Nanoscale Research
- Research Horizons: The “Real” CSI ... Collaboration at a Superfund Site
- Awards: And the Winners Are ...
Attracting the Next Generation of Great Scientists
- Features: Editorial: The Search for New Scientific Superstars ... Filling the Talent Pipeline ... Still Making a Mark ... The Critical Difference ... A Winning Couple ... The Best of Both Worlds ... Mentors and Inventors ... Coming Home ... Finding the Next Small Thing ... The Path of Least Resistance
- Profile: Paul Gilman: Oak Ridge Center for Advanced Studies
- Research Horizons: Superheavy Nuclei: Taking Shape in Theory ... A New Spin
- Awards: And the Winners Are...
Addressing the World's Energy Challenges
- Features: Editorial: An Important Part of the Solution ... Energy Efficiency: Stretching America's Resources ... Energy Prophets: Providing International Solutions ... Energy Prophets: U.S. Oil Dependence ... Aid for the Auto Industry ... Multiple Roads to the Hydrogen Car ... Closer to the Customer ... Pushing the Envelope ... Letting the Sunshine In ... Industry Efficiency ... More Power to the Grid ... Research Tools for the Nation ... Energy Partners
- Profile: John Petersen: Focusing on the UT-ORNL Synergy
- Research Horizons: Fusion: A Big Win for ORNL ... Attractive Materials Process ... Glassy Steel
- Awards: And the Winners Are ...
Basic Research at ORNL
- Editorial: Basic Research at ORNL
- ORNL’s Search for Rare Isotopes
- ORNL Theorists and the Nuclear Shell Model
- Beam Technologies Enable HRIBF Experiments
- Neutrons, “Stripes,” and Superconductivity
- ORNL’s Neutron Sources and Nuclear Astrophysics
- Modeling Magnetic Mate- rials for Electronic Devices
- In Quest of a Quark: ORNL’s Role in the PHENIX Particle Detector
- New Hope for the Blind from a Spinach Protein
- Human Susceptibility and Mouse Biology
- Modeling a Fusion Plasma Heating Process and Stellarator
- Neutron Sources and Nanoscale Science
- Quantum-Dot Arrays for Computation
- Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers: The Self-Assembly Challenge
- Incredible Shrinking Labs: Weighing a Move to the Nanoscale
- Basic Geochemical Research Supports Energy Industries
- Fermi Award Winner Opened New Fields in Atomic Physics
- Improving the Internet’s Quality of Service
- QOS for Wireless Communication
New Biology: Covering All the Bases
- Editorial: Unraveling Complex Biological Systems
- Systems Biology: New Views of Life
- Genes and Proteins: A Primer
- Complex Biological Systems in Mice
- Gene Chip Engineers
- Searching for Mouse Models of Human Disorders
- Mouse Models for the Human Disease of Chronic Hereditary Tyrosinemia
- Obesity-related Gene in Mouse Discovered at ORNL
- MicroCAT “Sees” Hidden Mouse Defects
- Curing Cancer in Mice
- Search for Signs of Inflammatory Disease
- Surprises in the Mouse Genome
- Protein Identification by Mass Spectrometry
- Rapid Genetic Disease Screening Possible Using Laser Mass Spectrometry
- Lab on a Chip Used for Protein Studies
- The Mouse House: From Old to New
- Human Genome Analyzed Using Supercomputer
- Protein Prediction Tool Has Good Prospects
- Microbe Probe: Studying Bacterial Genomes
- SNS and Biological Research
- Accessing Information on the Human Genome Project
- A Model Fish for Pollutant Studies
- Controlling Carbon in Hybrid Poplar Trees
- Disease Detectives
- Acid Rain and Dry Deposition of Atmospheric Pollutants: ORNL Studies the Effects. Acidic precipitation and atmospheric deposition may be involved in the decline of some forests and in the elevation of aluminum levels in streams. ORNL researchers play an important role in pinpointing the effects of atmospheric pollutants on vegetation, fish, and surface waters.
- Photosynthetic Water Splitting. Using light and algae or nonliving systems, ORNL scientists have photosynthetically split water into oxygen and hydrogen, a clean fuel and chemical feedstock.
- Simulating Processes Within the Earth: Experimental Geochemistry at ORNL. Geochemists at ORNL are using unique devices to simulate in a very short time the chemical processes that form rocks and minerals. The basic research may help solve problems affecting geothermal power, nuclear waste isolation, and exploration for ores and natural gas.
- Drinking Water and Cardiovascular Disease. An epidemiological study of Wisconsin farmers indicates that persons with cardiovascular disease drink softer water than persons without the disease.
- Environmental and Health Impacts of Water Chlorination. ORNL chemist Bob Jolley was the first to identify potentially hazardous organic compounds formed by adding chlorine to wastewater. He has also led an effort to identify drinking water compounds that cause thyroid disease.
- Groundwater Pollution: Environmental and Legal Problems. A book edited by two ORNL researchers discusses the implications of groundwater pollution caused by human discharges of synthetic chemicals. ORNL scientists' attempts to monitor and prevent deteriorative groundwater quality are explored.
- New Agents To Detect Heart Disease. ORNL's Nuclear Medicine Group has designed and developed radioactive agents for safely and more clearly evaluating heart disease and the effectiveness of therapy. These agents include iodine-123-labeled methyl-branched fatty acids. The group has also developed an improved iridium-191m generator to diagnose heart problems in children. The methyl-branched fatty acids will be tested this year in human patients in Boston and Vienna, and the generator has just entered clinical trials in Europe.
- The Advanced Toroidal Facility: Improving Fusion's Chances . Because further improvements in doughnut-shaped, or toroidal, fusion devices are desirable, ORNL has designed an Advanced Toroidol Facility (ATF). An optimized version of a stellarator (which differs from a tokamak in that it lacks a plasma current to magnetically confine the fusion fuel), the ATF will be built in Oak Ridge and is scheduled to begin operation in late 1986.
- SPECIAL SECTION: Technology for Efficient Power Systems. ORNL is managing the Department of Energy program for developing and testing technologies designed to make electric power systems safer, more reliable, and more efficient. ORNL's interdisciplinary staff of experts has taken on a variety of projects, including planning an automated distribution experiment for Athens, Tennessee, and developing a fiber optics measurement device, low-loss steel alloy, and new insulating materials for use in transformers.
- The Oak Ridge Environment: A Resource To Be Managed. A five-year plan for managing the resources of the Oak Ridge Reservation of the Department of Energy has been developed at ORNL The plan, which is described in the third in a series of articles on ORNL and the environment, deals with both natural and technical resources and provides the means for resolving resource issues such as endangered plant species, contaminated sewage sludge, and the fast-growing deer population.