ORNL Review Archive
The Next Generation of Biofuels
- Editorial: A Legacy Continues
- Features: It Might Just Happen ... Two Steps Forward ... Sugar-Coated ... Finding a Path ... A Predictable Change ... But Are They Compatible? ... A Sustained Effort ... Something Special
- A Closer View: Martin Keller
- Research Horizons: ORNL Researchers Win Nine R&D 100 Awards
- Awards: And the Winners Are. . .
Delivering Even More Science
- Editorial: A Higher Expectation
- Features: Delivering the Science ... Spallation Neutron Source User Program ... The Next Small Thing ... Magic Secrets ... A Helping Hand
- A Closer View: Tom Ballard
- Research Horizons: Z-contrast microscope first to resolve, identify individual light atoms ... Measurement and the “circle” of research
- Research Horizons: And the Winners Are. . .
Delivering the Science
Moving Technology to the Marketplace
- Editorial: An Important Part of the Mission
- Features: Moving Technology to the Marketplace ... Putting the Pieces Together ... Playing at the College Level ... The Lab of the South ... A Culture of Commercialization ... A Capital Idea ... Another Tool in the Toolbox ... Calculating the Odds ... Side by Side ... A Key Mission ... Hundreds of Licenses ... A Marketable Solution ... Taking the Long View ... An Impressive Patent Portfolio ... Superconductor Cure ... Reinvesting Royalties ... A Long-term Investment
- Technology Spotlight: SeizAlert: Forewarning Epileptics ... Wireless Meter Systems ... Hybrid Solar Lighting
- Profile: Gerald Boyd: The Next Frontier
- Research Horizons: Detecting Skin Cancer ... A Biological Solution ... Dancing Proteins ... Pursuing the Exotic ... And the Winners Are ...
National Security Technologies
- Editorial: Science for Security
- Features: Managing the Soviet Legacy ... In Tune with the Russians ... Telltale Evidence ... One Threat at a Time ... Russian Enrichment ... Finding the Trail ... Technologies for the Troops ... Preparing for the Threats ... Creating a Single Team ... At the Local Level ... Matching Technologies ... “Out of Sight” Missions ... A Secure Facility for New Technologies
- Profile: Frank Akers: Building the Bridge
- Research Horizons: Hot-wired ... An Archaeologist in the Laboratory ... Running on Iron ... Quickly and Accurately ... Awards ...
Reclaiming America's Leadership
- Editorial: Reclaiming Leadership In Neutron Science
- Features: Returning Home ... Material Value ... Neutron Tool ... That’s Incredible! ... Instruments Of Change ... A Historic Partnership ... It Took a Village ... An Unsung Hero ... Unlocking the Cells ... Building the Bridge ... Making It Last ... Under Pressure to Change
- Profile: Thom Mason
- Research Horizons: Of Mice and Men ... Instant ID ... Supernova Discoveries ... Hot Technology ... And The Winners Are . . .
State of the Laboratory
- State of the Laboratory—1997
- Neutron Science and Technology Initiatives
- Life Sciences Initiative
- High-Performance Computing Initiatives
- Biological Sciences
- Environmental Sciences and Technology
- Energy Production and Energy End-Use Technologies
- Instrumentation, Manufacturing, and Control Technologies
- Advanced Materials Processing, Synthesis, and Characterization
- Physical Sciences and Neutron Science and Technology
- Computational Science, Advanced Computing, and Robotics
- R&D 100 Awards
- Technology Transfer: CRADAs and Licenses
- Parallel Computing at ORNL. Computer scientists are learning how to use new parallel processing machines to meet ORNL's research needs. New parallel algorithms for solving large systems of equations have been developed at ORNL.
- Protecting Human Health: The Chemical Challenge. Scientists at ORNL have developed several methods of detecting human responses to hazardous energy-related chemicals. They are using interferon as a bioeffects marker and are developing the "fluoroimmunosensor," which detects minute amounts of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in body fluids and tissues.
- The Technology Transfer Fund: A Status Report on the ORNL Projects. ORNL, DOE, and the Office of Technology Applications of Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., have committed funds to stimulate innovation and bring ORNL technologies to the stage where their commercial potential can be judged. The status of five technology-transfer projects is described.
- Pion Emission from Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions. A theorist said it couldn't be done, but nuclear physicists at ORNL's Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility accelerator have detected the emission of pions, short-lived particles that serve as the "glue" in the nucleus, from low-energy nuclear reactions. Current theory is being revised to explain how pions can be produced at unexpectedly low energies.
- Managing Hazardous Waste: ORNL Examines the Options. ORNL is playing an important role in managing the nation's defense-chemical wastes and in devising better ways of dealing with its own hazardous materials.
- Books. Chancing It: Why We Take Risks is reviewed by W. S. Lyon.
- Take a Number
- Technical Capsules. Device to measure metal deformation wins IR 100 award; technology transfer and cell freezing.
- Lab Anecdote. The story of the radiation-danger symbol.
- News Notes. ORNL Director Herman Postma talks to President Reagan; Radio Frequency Test Facility completed; Associate Director Fred Mynatt testifies on advanced reactors for space; fusion magnet facility begins 6-coil tests; Athens power-distribution experiment under way; Life Sciences Complex plans told; Cummins Engine licensing breaks new ground.
- Awards and Appointments
- Fractals: Realm of Monster Curves and Irregular Solids A solid-state physicist has turned to fractals to understand the strange electrical properties of the interface between an electrode and various electrolytes. He suggests that fractals—a mathematical concept that describes a large class of irregular natural objects—could be useful in other areas of ORNL research.
- Conservation as an Energy Resource: Electricity Savings from a Utility Program What are the energy and economic impacts of a utility program in the Pacific Northwest that offered homeowners incentives to reduce electricity use? An ORNL team has completed a study of the benefits and costs of such a program.
- SPECIAL SECTION: Biotechnology at ORNL
- A Question of Impurities: ORNL Examines a Persistent Fusion Problem Bob Clausing and others at ORNL have conducted studies to determine which cleaning techniques work best to remove the most obnoxious impurities from fusion vessel walls to prevent plasma energy losses.
- Transuranium-Element Production and Research For almost two decades ORNL's High Flux lsotope Reactor (HFIR) and Transuranium Processing Plant (TRU) have produced most of the transuranium elements used by researchers in the Western world. ORNL's Transuranium Research Laboratory, where research is carried out on the HFIR-TRU products, has become an international center for collaborative research. ORNL collaboration with the University of Tennessee has been particularly strong in inorganic chemistry and solid-state physics.
- Books. Freeman Dyson's Weapons and Hope is reviewed by Jack Barkenbus
- Take a Number
- News Notes. New parallel-processing computer at ORNL; uranium wastes solidified at Laboratory; ORNL agents tested in European patients; High-Temperature Materials Laboratory inaugurated; Technology Transfer briefs
- Awards and Appointments
- State of the Laboratory- 1984: Exploring New Areas. In this updated report based on his February 5, 1985, address to the staff. Postma notes that the Laboratory's return on some investments has been remarkable. Seed money projects have brought about $4 in research funds to ORNL for every $1 invested by the internal Exploratory Studies Program. ORNL research also has helped others save money. For example, Laboratory recommendations on energy options have helped Liberia save up to $20 million annually. ORNL studies of the potential thermal shock problem of commercial nuclear reactors saved electric utilities millions of dollars.
- Crickets and Coal Liquefaction Research. Several years ago cricket eggs exposed to a chemical under study in the synthetic fuels program hatched crickets with assorted abnormalities such as an extra eye, antenna, or head. The author tells how ORNL toxicologists and analytical chemists determined that certain trace substances cause these teratogenic effects and how they eventually identified a teratogenic compound in these substances.
- Shedding Light on Molecules and Atoms: Photoelectron Spectroscopy Using Synchrotron Radiation. ORNL researchers using the magic source of synchrotron radiation have helped to usher in a new era of photoelectron spectroscopy called photoelectron dynamics. Recently, use of this method has provided fresh answers to a number of fundamental questions on the electronic structure of small molecules and metal vapors.
- Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Development. Technical innovators and entrepreneurs are receiving new respectability as a result of a growing need for technical solutions to revitalize the economy. The time has come for East Tennessee to experience new economic development because both the need and capability for innovation and entrepreneurship are present.
- Awards and Appointments
- Take a Number
- News Notes. Electron microscope for fusion studies arrives; Alvin Weinberg honored; 12,000th neutron- facility experiment performed; ORNL Hydrofracture Facility at crossroads; fish and birds studied in Antarctica; ORNL helps steel industry; Technology Transfer Briefs.
- Books. A book on nuclear facilities and earthquakes is reviewed.
- Technical Capsules. DOE to use ORNL earthquake recommendations in nuclear plant seismic standards; ORNL collaborates with Spanish team on design offusion stellarator.