Fig. 6. Karyotype.
Microscopic examination of chromosome size and banding patterns allows medical laboratories to identify and arrange each of the 24 different chromosomes (22 pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes) into a karyotype, which then serves as a tool in the diagnosis of genetic diseases. The extra copy of chromosome 21 in this karyotype identifies this individual as having Down's syndrome.
Return to text