Progress, and Applications
of the Human Genome Project
Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Human Genome Program
Human Genome News Archive Edition
Human Genome News, October-December 1996; 8:(2)
Until this year, the Human Genome Project focused on creating such resources as physical and genetic maps, software, and automated technologies to enable implementation of cost-effective, large-scale sequencing. The ultimate goals of the Human Genome Project, scheduled for completion in 2005, are to sequence all human DNA and identify every gene. To date, close to 1% of the 3 billion base pairs in the human genome have been sequenced.
Internationally, large-scale human genome sequencing was kicked off in late 1995 when the Wellcome Trust announced a 7-year, $75-million grant to the Sanger Centre to ramp up its sequencing capabilities. French investigators have also announced intentions to begin production sequencing.
Discussions in the genome research community now focus on the significant challenges presented by large-scale sequencing. Most major laboratories use a combination of random and directed strategies with fluorescent-based, four-color chemistries. The general consensus is for generating very high quality data, with less than 1 error in 10,000 bases, or 99.99% accuracy. Most funding agencies and researchers agree that rapid and free release of the data is critical. Other issues include the types of annotation that will be most useful to biologists and how to maintain the reference sequence.
HUGO Web Site
HUGO has created a Web page (url no longer available) to provide information on current and future sequencing projects and links to sites of participating groups. (E-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org to add a project or request information.) The site also links to a list of resources developed by participants at the February 1996 international meeting on human genome sequencing sponsored by the Wellcome Trust.
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Last modified: Friday, November 21, 2003
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