Refractory Metals › Penetrators
The current use of depleted uranium alloys are used for kinetic energy armor penetrators raises a number of environmental and health issues. There is currently no substitute material which has the armor penetration performance of depleted uranium alloys. Research under Army sponsorship has shown that the performance of current commercial liquid phase sintered tungsten composite cannot be significantly improved by incremental process or alloy modifications. Novel materials have been investigated including hafnium alloy matrices.
- Evan K. Ohriner and Deepak Kapoor, “Phase Transformations in Some Hafnium-Tantalum-Titanium-Zirconium Alloys”, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Tungsten Refractory Metals and Alloys, A. Bose and R. J. Dowding eds., Metals Powder Industry Federation, Princeton NJ (1998) pp. 263-270.
- E. K. Ohriner and V. K. Sikka, "Alternative Processing Methods for Tungsten-Base Composite Materials", Proc. Third Int. Conf. on Tungsten and Refractory Metals, McLain, VA, Nov. 15-16, 1995, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ (1996), pp. 209-215.
- E. K. Ohriner, V. K. Sikka and D. Kapoor, "Processing and Properties of Extruded Tungsten Composites", Proc. Int. Conf. on Tungsten and Refractory Metals, Washington, DC, Oct. 17-19, 1994, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ (1995) pp. 219-226.
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