- American Ceramic Society Robert L. Coble Award for Young Scholars Sergei Kalinin
- American Nuclear Society Mishima Award
- Materials Research Society New Fellow
Lynn A Boatner
- Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society New Fellow
Michael (Mike) Miller
- Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE)
- Society of Manufacturing Engineers John G. Bollinger Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award
- AAAS New Fellow
- American Crystallographic Association Margaret C. Etter Early Career Award
- American Physical Society New Fellows
Chong Long Fu
- American Vacuum Society Peter Mark Memorial Award
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers New Fellow
Michael (Mike) Simpson
- American Nuclear Society (ANS) Mishima Award
Steven J. Zinkle
- American Nuclear Society (ANS) New Fellow
Steven J. Zinkle
- Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE)
Ho Nyung Lee
- “Pride of India” Gold Award
- U.S. Department of Energy Outstanding Junior Investigator (OJI) Award
- The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award
Steven J. Zinkle
- Fellows of ASME International
Ian Wright Hua-Tay Lin
- Fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America
- IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society (NPSS) Fusion Technology Award
Steven J. Zinkle
- Newly Elected Fellows - The International Centre for Diffration Data
Cam Hubbard Andrew Payzant
- Signa Xi Young Investigator Award
- Biemann Medal
Gary Van Berkel
Alumina-forming austenitic, dubbed AFA, stainless steels, invented and submitted by a team led by Michael Brady of ORNL's Materials Science and Technology Division.
AFA stainless steels boast an increased upper-temperature oxidation, or corrosion, limit that is 100 to 400 degrees Fahrenheit higher than that of conventional stainless steels. These new alloys deliver this superior oxidation resistance with high-temperature strengths approaching that of far more expensive nickel-based alloys without sacrificing the typical lower cost, formability and weldability of conventional stainless steels. These new alloys have applications ranging from gas turbines and power plants to chemical and petrochemical processing equipment.
Funding for this research was provided by the Department of Energy's Fossil Energy Advanced Research Materials Program and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.
Mass-Independent Kinetic-Energy-Reducing Inlet System for Mass Spectrometers, developed and submitted by Peter Reilly of ORNL's Chemical Sciences Division.
This technology permits high-resolution mass analysis of large, intact biological molecules without having to break them apart. With this spectrometer, the large biomolecular ions are captured in a trapping field while air is pumped away. Conventional spectrometers pump most of the ions away with the air, making them less sensitive. This mass spectrometer delivers much higher resolution in the high mass range compared to conventional spectrometers. For specific use in the medical field, the mass spectrometer can be developed to rapidly image a tumor and define the boundaries so the tumor can be most effectively treated.
Funding for this project was provided through the Partnership Directorate's maturation funds program.
MELCOT: Methodology for Estimating the Life of Power Line Conductor-Connector Systems Operating at High Temperatures, submitted by Jy-An John Wang of ORNL Materials Science and Technology Division, Edgar Lara-Curzio of the Materials Science and Technology Division, Thomas King Jr. of the Energy Efficiency and Electricity Technologies Program, jointly with John Chan of the Electric Power Research Institute, Joe Graziano of the Tennessee Valley Authority and Tip Goodwin III of PBS&J.
This technology predicts the service life of conductor-connector systems. The splices connecting the conductor lines are literally the weak links in power transmission systems. With this new method of investigating performance and integrity of the power line systems, researchers can develop more durable and reliable systems for the electric power grid. Power grid operators can maintain power flow and prevent potential grid failures, and effectively reroute power distribution during emergency or natural disasters.
Funding for this research was provided by ORNL and Electric Power Research Institute.
PulseForge 3100, jointly submitted by Stan Farnsworth of NovaCentrix and a team led by Chad Duty of ORNL's Materials Science and Technology Division.
The PulseForge 3100 uses rapid pulses of light for high-speed drying, curing, sintering or annealing high temperature materials on plastic and paper, enabling inexpensive and flexible electronics. With the PulseForge 3100, high intensity flashlamps briefly heat inks and films to controlled high temperatures. The PulseForge and Pulse Thermal Processing systems provide a thousand-fold increase in the energy flux that is available to the surface of the processed part - cutting processing times to fractions of a second.
Funding for this development was primarily through the Industrial Technology Program within the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) program and through the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
Superconducting "Wires" by Epitaxial Growth on SSIFFS, invented and submitted by a team led by Amit Goyal of ORNL's Materials Science and Technology Division.
Superconducting wires are flexible, single-crystal, high-temperature cables that enable high-performance advantages for electric power grid applications. These cables are different because they are round, rather than flat like conventional wires, which lowers heat loss and eliminates energy loss, making longer transmission lengths possible. Superconducting wires can carry five times more power than copper cables and are capable of long-distance power transmission, interconnecting entire continents and providing local energy storage. For a specific device or design, wires can be bundled into larger dimension wires of any shape.
Funding for this project was provided by Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability.
Thermomagnetic processing technology, developed and jointly submitted by a large team from ORNL, Eaton Corporation, American Magnetics, Inc., and AJAX TOCCO Magnethermic Corporation. Gerard Ludtka and Gail Mackiewicz-Ludtka led the ORNL contingent.
Thermomagnetic processing technology could revolutionize the U.S. heat-treating industry with reduced energy and processing costs. This technology enhances materials performance with an 85 percent higher stretch capability strength, enabling lighter weight designs. Thermomagnetic processing technology uses superconducting magnets to cut down on energy use in the typical heat treat processing. High magnetic fields processing reduces residual stress (post-heat treating stress) and eliminates material phases, thus eliminating specialized thermal processing steps.
Funding for this research was provided by Department of Energy's Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, DOE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industrial Technology Program, Toyota, Eaton, AMI and Ajax-TOCCO.
The adaptive band excitation controller and software opens a new range of scanning probe microscopy techniques by performing more rapid probing of energy dissipation than has previously been possible. These techniques are used by researchers for functional imaging and manipulation on an extremely minute scale—down to the nanometer and atomic scale. This technology enables scientists to characterize a sample's electrical, magnetic, and mechanical energy conversion and dissipation properties at the nanoscale at standard imaging rates.
Research was sponsored by the DOE's Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering and supported by ORNL seed money.
Cratos V Nano-Wool, developed and submitted jointly by Roland Seals of Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12 and Paul Menchhofer, Vinod Sikka and Fred Montgomery of the Materials Science and Technology Division.
Cratos V is a new process for producing high-purity carbon nanotubes quickly and at a fraction of the typical cost. The resulting high-strength lightweight Nano-Wool may be used to reinforce cutting tools, grinding wheels and metal composites, or to produce new polymers that conduct electricity. The introduction of the Cratos V technology decreases production cost, making nanotubes significantly less expensive than other sources. The advance is due to the development of a new high-productivity catalyst in combination with a simplified process that yields very pure nanotubes.
Funding for the project came from Y-12's Plant Directed Research and Development program.
Laser-induced fluorescence composite heat damage detector, developed and submitted jointly by Chris Janke and Cliff Eberle of the Materials Science and Technology Division, Curt Maxey and John Storey of the Energy & Transportation Science Division, Art Clemons of the National Security Directorate, and Walt Fisher, Eric Wachter and Josh Fisher of Galt Technologies.
The heat damage detector provides rapid and accurate heat damage assessments of fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites found in military and commercial aircraft. Composites have a high strength-to-weight ratio, increasing aircraft fuel efficiency without a compromise in safety. However, they are vulnerable to heat damage, which can cause significant degradation in the materials' properties. The detector is the first of its kind that does not require destruction of the sample under inspection, reducing the cost of identifying and repairing heat-damaged composites ten-fold. The system is also lightweight and portable.
Work on the detector was sponsored by the Office of Naval Research.
NanoSH Superhydrophobic Technology, developed and submitted jointly by John Simpson, Brian D'Urso and Steve McNeany of the Measurement Science and Systems Engineering Division, Vinod Sikka of the Materials Science and Technology Division, and Donald Speicher and Andrew Jones of Ross Technology Corp.
NanoSH makes surfaces completely water repellant by forming a microscopic air gap between the treated surface and water. This nanotechnology has a range of applications, from reducing the energy needed to propel waterborne vessels or to pump water through pipes by decreasing friction to protecting metals and alloys from corrosion. Unlike most hydrophobic films, the NanoSH coating is easy and inexpensive to make.
NanoSH was funded by ORNL's Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program.
2-MGEM, Optical Anisotropy Factor Measurement System, developed and submitted jointly by Doug Mark, Baoliang "Bob" Wang, Andy Breninger, Tarik Hadid, Chad Mansfield, Bob Lakanen and Abebe Gezahegn of Hinds Instruments and Gerald Jellison, John Hunn and Christopher Rouleau of the Materials Science and Technology Division.
The 2-MGEM microscope is used to characterize light polarization properties of a sample more accurately and reliably than previous techniques. Application of the technology is for characterization and quality control of the coated particle fuel that will be used in the next generation of cleaner, more efficient nuclear power reactors, which are believed to be one of the best near-term solutions to the world's increasing energy needs. Additional applications could include the characterization of other crystals, carbon compounds and thin-film coatings.
Funding for this project was provided by sources including the DOE's Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Development and Qualification Program.
High-Performance LMO-enabled, High Temperature Superconducting Wires, developed and submitted jointly by SuperPower Inc., Parans Paranthaman and Tolga Aytug of ORNL's Chemical Sciences Division and Amit Goyal of ORNL's Materials Science and Technology Division.
Armstrong Process CP Ti and Ti Alloy Powder and Products, developed and submitted jointly by International Titanium Powder, Craig Blue, Jim Kiggans, Stephen Nunn and Phil Sklad of ORNL's Materials Science and Technology Division, ORNL postdoctoral fellows William Peter and John Rivard, Art Clemons of ORNL's National Security Directorate, BAE Systems, AMETEK, National Energy Technology Laboratory and Red Devil Brakes.
NanoFermentation, developed by Tommy Joe Phelps of ORNL's Environmental Sciences Division, Lonnie Love of the Engineering Science and Technology Division, Adam Rondinone of the Chemical Sciences Division, former ORNL researcher Bob Lauf, now a consultant, and post-doctoral researcher fellows Yul Roh, Chuanlun Zhang and Ji-Won Moon.
TMA 6301 and TMA 4701, developed by Govindarajan Muralidharan, Vinod Sikka, Phil Maziasz, Neal Evans, Michael Santella and Christopher Stevens of the Materials Science and Technology Division, Duraloy Technologies, and Nucor Sheet Mill Group.
Advanced Heating System for High-Performance Aluminum Forgings, developed by Craig Blue, Puja Kadolkar, Peter Engleman, Charles Howell, Jackie Mayotte, Vinod Sikka and Evan Ohriner of ORNL; Robert Kervick of Komtek of Worcester, Mass.; Howard Mayer of Queen City Forging Company of Cincinnati; George Mochnal of Forging Industry Association of Cleveland; Teiichi Ando and Hui Lu of Boston's Northeastern University; and Charles Blue of Infrared Heating Technologies of Oak Ridge.