Abstract: The commercial sector has historically not seen the same level of investment in Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power (CHP) as the
industrial sector. The average commercial building has smaller and more diverse energy requirements than would be expected at a typical industrial site.
Consequently, even though the electrical requirements of the commercial and industrial sectors are very similar there is nine times more installed
industrial CHP capacity than commercial CHP in the U.S. However, the advent of microturbines and increasing commercial viability of fuel cells
promises generator sizes much more suitable for use in the commercial sector. There are many possible uses for the waste heat in a commercial building,
depending upon geographic location, occupant requirements, and the energy cost structures of both fuel and grid electricity. Possible waste heat
technologies include absorption chillers, humidifiers, desiccant dehumidifiers, steam generators, hot water heating, space heating, and thermal storage.
Several of these could be combined with a generator to produce a commercial CHP for Buildings package. A well-designed and operated package should deliver
energy and environmental savings as well as significant cost savings to the customer. Other potential value streams are improved air quality, peak shaving
to reduce demand charges, enhanced power reliability, tradable environmental credits, or grid independence. This presentation is a broad discussion of the
challenges that CHP faces when competing in the commercial sector and the technologies and strategies that will help overcome them.
Keywords: combined cooling heating and power, CHP, commercial sector
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Proceedings of IMECE2002
November 17-22, 2002
New Orleans, Louisiana