Climate - Spotlight on CO2
December 09, 2008 — Data from NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory combined with computational power and tools provided by ORNL researchers will result in unprecedented levels of information about atmospheric carbon dioxide. The satellite, scheduled for launch in mid-January, will collect precise global measurements of CO2 and transmit that information to Earth.
Energy Efficiency - Heat to power
December 09, 2008 — Combined heat and power (CHP) technologies, which capture and reuse waste heat from electric or mechanical power, account for about 9 percent of annual U.S. power generation. Roughly doubling that capacity could cut projected U.S. carbon dioxide emissions by 60 percent by 2030— the equivalent to taking 45 million cars off the road — an Oak Ridge National Laboratory study shows.
Isotopes - Banner year
December 09, 2008 — Californium-252 and actinium-225 generated half of the $5 million in sales for the Department of Energy's National Isotope Data Center at ORNL in fiscal year 2008. That amount represents a $1 million increase from 2007.
Sensors - On the prowl
December 09, 2008 — Mathematics and sensors come together in some new ways to form a powerful tool for combating terrorism, piracy and the transport of drugs. In a project that combines resources at ORNL and Clemson University, researchers and students are using something called Level 3 sensor fusion to identify and predict the behavior of ships, tanks, people and more.
Energy - Powering the Big Apple
November 13, 2008 — High temperature superconductor (HTS) technology developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is being used in a $39 million project to boost and secure Manhattan's power grid. Project HYDRA, partially funded by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate, seeks to install and field test HTS cable in New York City's electrical power grid by 2010.
Energy - A DST bonus
November 13, 2008 — Extending Daylight Saving Time by four weeks last year reduced U.S. energy consumption by 17 trillion British thermal units, or the equivalent of enough energy to power 100,000 households for a year. That's according to a report to Congress from the U.S.
Climate - Mapping change
November 13, 2008 — Maps showing possible regional impacts of climate change in the Dominican Republic could play a role in setting policy there and beyond. The maps, generated by a group of researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, will be used for climate change policy discussions and published in a future issue of Foreign Policy, a publication widely read by international policy makers.
Sensors - Right on target
November 13, 2008 — Keeping track of weapons at nuclear facilities and other installations could get a lot easier with a technology developed by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Visible Assets of New Hampshire. The technology, which uses low-frequency magnetic waves to transmit signals from tags installed in a pistol's grips, solves a huge problem caused by human error during the inventory process.
Materials - Cool cookware
October 02, 2008 — Burnt bacon could become a thing of the past with new cookware that uses a patented graphite foam developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The lightweight material distributes heat much faster and more uniformly than conventional materials, allowing food to be cooked in a fraction of the time. Conversely, pots and pans cool in just minutes.
Materials - Stressed out
October 02, 2008 — Stronger stainless steel castings are critical to the regeneration of ceramic honeycomb filters used to produce cleaner exhaust systems and upgraded turbocharger housings for diesel engines. Improvements to these castings could result from test projects now under way at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Temperature Materials Laboratory.