Robotics - Easing the warrior's load
December 01, 2002 — Soldiers, the elderly and handicapped alike will get a big assist with exoskeleton technology being developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and partners. The goal of the project is to enhance the load carrying capability, mobility and endurance of the land warrior and others.
Materials - Woodman, spare that tree
December 01, 2002 — An average house in the United States can be framed with wood harvested from one-third acre of forest or with steel recycled from six old cars. Wood has been the traditional choice because of cost and thermal efficiency.
Information Processing - Evaluating the threat
December 01, 2002 — VIPAR goes where no other software has dared to go. The Virtual Information Processing Agent Research system—developed by Tom Potok and others at Oak Ridge National Laboratory—collects, organizes and displays information from various electronic information sources.
Chemical Monitoring - Keeping labs safer
December 01, 2002 — Laboratory chemicals with dated shelf lives can become dangerous if not carefully monitored. Paul Ewing and other researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a special storage cabinet system to enhance inventory and tracking of such chemicals and other similar high-risk assets through an antenna-based passive radio-frequency identification tag technology.
Military - ORNL aims to cut gun barrel casualties
September 01, 2002 — Oak Ridge National Laboratory's 300,000-watt plasma arc lamp and a touch of science could help the Army solve a problem that's causing major casualties to heavy artillery barrels. The problem is that normal wear from projectiles, propellants and combustion gases causes fatigue, erosion and corrosion in conventional gun barrel material, leading to cracks that render a weapon useless.
Chemistry - Guarding the nation's water supplies
September 01, 2002 — ORNL's water sentinel enlists the help of naturally occurring algae biosensors to serve as a first-alert warning system for chemical warfare attacks on water supplies. The system, developed by scientists in the lab's Chemical Sciences Division, works by detecting toxic chemicals in reservoirs, rivers and lakes.
Military - Combat ID targets enemy
September 01, 2002 — Researchers at ORNL and Sandia National Laboratories are attacking the problem of soldiers and noncombatants killed by friendly fire using technologies that will help them better understand the battlefield and battle space. The Combat ID analysis will focus on ground, air and soldier detection and identification efficiency and related information.
Forensics - Invisible fingerprints
September 01, 2002 — Law enforcement agencies could have another way to trace the origin of anthrax and other chemical or biological agents with a technique being developed by researchers in ORNL's Chemical Sciences Division. The novel fingerprinting system takes advantage of stable isotopes, which are found in our bodies and throughout nature.
Manufacturing - Crackdown on boiler breaks
May 01, 2002 — Paper mills across the country have more reliable and efficient recovery boilers because of ORNL and partners. The problem faced by numerous paper mills was that their recovery boilers, which burn organic waste to generate steam and electric power for the mills, were developing cracks.
Homeland Defense - Towers of power
May 01, 2002 — If a so-called dirty bomb were deployed anywhere in the United States, a system developed at ORNL could save thousands of lives. SensorNet, which provides near real-time detection, identification and assessment of chemical, biological and radiological threats, allows informed first-responders to be dispatched within minutes of an event.