Procter & Gamble and Temple University scientists model skin’s makeup
November 17, 2014 — Skin is the body’s largest organ. It is a protective barrier, keeping microbes out and moisture in. It also regulates temperature, enables sensation, and makes vitamin D. But researchers don’t fully understand at the molecular level how our skin performs its functions.
Spiraling Back in Time
November 17, 2014 — If you took a photograph of the Milky Way galaxy today from a distance, the photo would show a spiral galaxy with a bright, central bar (sometimes called a bulge) of dense star populations. The Sun—very difficult to see in your photo—would be located outside this bar near one of the spiral arms composed of stars and interstellar dust.
National Guard and Reserve Boss Lift program gives ORNL manager up-close view of military training
November 11, 2014 — For several years, the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has supported the National Guard and Reserve’s Boss Lift Program, which gives employers a chance to visit military installations to see first-hand what reservists do.
In August, Cindy Mayfield of the lab’s Human Resources Directorate was invited to Fort Benning, Ga.
Lasers, fish ears and environmental change
November 04, 2014 — East Tennessee is among the country’s most biodiverse regions for freshwater fish. In an abundance of shapes and colors, they swim in mountain streams and lowland lakes, sometimes ending up next to a side of garlic-mashed potatoes as a result.
Your own energy “island”? ORNL microgrid could standardize small, self-sustaining electric grids
November 04, 2014 — When Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory researcher Yan Xu talks about “islanding,” or isolating, from the grid, she’s discussing a fundamental benefit of microgrids—small systems powered by renewables and energy storage devices. The benefit is that microgrids can disconnect from larger utility grids and continue to provide power locally.
Iron-based Superconductor Simulations Spin Out New Possibilities on Titan
October 31, 2014 — Researchers studying iron-based superconductors are combining novel electronic structure algorithms with the high-performance computing power of the Department of Energy’s Titan supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to predict spin dynamics, or the ways electrons orient and correlate their spins in a material.
ORNL videos a gold mine for students, teachers
October 24, 2014 — A series of short videos featuring Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists and engineers explaining their work offers a glimpse inside the world of “Big Science” for students, educators and anyone interested in the process of discovery.
Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms
October 17, 2014 — Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass, and the brittle, insulating oxide pane shatters. But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass—a resilient conductor that looks like metal—and the glass not only stays intact but also may drive the ball farther than conventional clubs. In light of this contrast, the nature of glass seems anything but clear.
Researchers Look Inside to Reveal Workings of a Powerful Biochemical Switch
October 10, 2014 — (SALT LAKE CITY)—Using X-rays and neutron beams, a team of researchers from the University of Utah, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have revealed the inner workings of a master switch that regulates basic cellular functions, but that also, when mutated, contributes to cancer, cardiovascular disease and other deadly disorders.
Smithsonian-ORNL collaboration kicks off with ORNL tour
October 08, 2014 — More than 40 visitors with Smithsonian Associates concluded a four-day study tour Tuesday in Oak Ridge as part of a partnership formalized this summer between Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Institution.
Hardwoods in peril
October 02, 2014 — With leaves taking on more golden hues, trees skirting the drive to the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory in northeastern Tennessee are beginning to show the first signs of fall. A few even look like they’ve closed shop for winter early, already having shed all their leaves.
ORNL staff help students prepare for FIRST LEGO League competition
September 30, 2014 — About 30 students ages 9 through 14 are gearing up for the 2014-15 FIRST LEGO League competition with weekly training sessions at the National Transportation Research Center (NTRC) in West Knoxville.
NTRC is part of the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and ORNL operating contractor UT-Battelle co-sponsors the LEGO League tournament.
Unlocking enzyme synthesis of rare sugars to create drugs with fewer side effects
September 26, 2014 — A team led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has unlocked the enzymatic synthesis process of rare sugars, which are useful in developing drugs with low side effects using a process more friendly to the environment.
ORNL researcher is working to predict electric power blackouts before they happen
September 25, 2014 — The largest power outage in United States history, the 2003 Northeast blackout, began with one power line in Ohio going offline and ended with more than 50 million people without power throughout the Northeast and the Canadian province of Ontario.
Despite the apparent failure of the electric grid during such cascading events, blackouts aren’t necessarily grid failures.
ORNL team first to fully sequence bacterial genome important to fuel and chemical production
September 25, 2014 — Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first team to sequence the entire genome of the Clostridium autoethanogenum bacterium, which is used to sustainably produce fuel and chemicals from a range of raw materials, including gases derived from biomass and industrial wastes.
Materials science matchmaker
September 25, 2014 — Scientific research may be the primary focus of the Department of Energy’s national laboratories, but for David Mandrus, the institutions play an equally important role in shaping the instruction and career paths of students.
Interface Surprises May Motivate Novel Oxide Electronic Devices
September 22, 2014 — OAK RIDGE, Tenn., September 22, 2014—Complex oxides have long tantalized the materials science community for their promise in next-generation energy and information technologies. Complex oxide crystals combine oxygen atoms with assorted metals to produce unusual and very desirable properties.
ORNL researchers develop ‘Autotune’ software to make it quicker, easier and cheaper to model energy use of buildings
September 22, 2014 — There are many ways to save energy in residential and commercial buildings. There are products that use less energy for lighting, heating and cooling; materials that better insulate and seal building envelopes; and architectural and engineering designs that lower utility bills through efficient use of space and renewable energy.
ORNL and DOE team stay ahead of the computing curve in monumental climate modeling project
September 22, 2014 — Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is one of eight Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories that will use high-performance computing (HPC) to develop the most sophisticated Earth system model to date for climate change research with scientific and energy applications.
OLCF Researcher to Work with Clean Combustion Center at Saudi University
September 17, 2014 — If you were to do an internet search for what causes engine knock, you’d receive a number of answers.
September 16, 2014 — When Orlando Rios first started analyzing samples of carbon fibers made from a woody plant polymer known as lignin, he noticed something unusual. The material’s microstructure -- a mixture of perfectly spherical nanoscale crystallites distributed within a fibrous matrix -- looked almost too good to be true.
Best of two worlds
September 12, 2014 — Traditional science and business are coming together in a way that Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education student Beth Papanek believes will help graduates advance their careers.
Imaging Fuel Injectors with Neutrons
September 12, 2014 — Blowing bubbles may be fun for kids, but for engineers, bubbles can disrupt fluid flow and damage metal.
A Metallic Alloy That is Tough and Ductile at Cryogenic Temperatures
September 09, 2014 — A new concept in metallic alloy design – called “high‐entropy alloys” - has yielded a multiple-element material that not only tests out as one of the toughest on record, but, unlike most materials, the toughness as well as the strength and ductility of this alloy actually improves at cryogenic temperatures.
September 08, 2014 — Keeping food fresh is no easy feat. Trials of transporting ice over long distances and the hazards of systems that rely on toxic gases riddle the pages of refrigeration history. And although cooling science has come a long way in the past two centuries, modern refrigeration has an environmental cost that poses new challenges.