Conformational Diversity and Sub-states in Enzyme CatalysisNovember 01, 2013
Enzymes are great biocatalysts, and have attracted significant interest for industrial applications (including cellulosic ethanol) due to their remarkable catalytic efficiencies. The understanding of factors that enable enzymes to achieve the high catalytic efficiency will have large impact through design of new and powerful biocatalysts. Unfortunately, the understanding of these factors have largely remain a mystery so far. Using joint computational-experimental methodology we have developed a unique technique named quasi-anharmonic analysis (QAA) for identification of conformational diversity and conformational sub-states associated with enzyme function. As a result of this approach we have been able to develop a novel enzyme engineering approach that shows ~3000% increase in enzyme activity.
ORNL Team Member: Pratul Agarwal.