Phonon Transport and Thermodynamics Probed with Neutron Scattering

Oct
22
2014
10:00 AM - 11:00 AM
Olivier Delaire, Scattering and Thermophysics Group, MSTD, ORNL, Oak Ridge
Materials and Chemistry Seminar Series
Weinberg Auditorium

CONTACT :
Email: Adrian Sabau
Phone:865.241.5145
SHARE
    
 

A microscopic understanding of heat transport is of broad interest for the design of efficient energy materials, and relies on a detailed knowledge of phonon dispersions and mean-free-paths to establish reliable atomistic models of thermal conductivity. Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) instruments at SNS and HFIR can map excitations throughout reciprocal space efficiently, and measurements on single-crystals provide quantitative accounts of phonon scattering mechanisms, including anharmonicity, electron-phonon coupling, and scattering by defects or nanostructures. Such microscopic information about phonon mean-free-paths provides important insights to design more efficient thermoelectric materials, for example. The neutron scattering studies are strongly complemented with ORNL’s capabilities in crystal growth and first-principles modeling. I will present results from our recent investigations of thermal transport in several important thermoelectric materials. In addition, phonons often provide a large contribution to the entropy of a material, and I will discuss several cases where INS contributed to a detailed understanding of the thermodynamics.

Additional Information

Coffee and cookies will be available first come first serve from 9:30-10:00AM.

ASK ORNL

We're always happy to get feedback from our users. Please use the Comments form to send us your comments, questions, and observations.