Archived Story Tips for 2010
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Biodiesel—Ultrasonic remedy . . .
A significant barrier to greater use of biodiesel could be blasted away with a proprietary approach developed by a team of researchers led by Mike Kass of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Energy and Transportation Science Division.
Transportation—Single-wides save fuel . . .
Tractor-trailer trucks may leave a different "footprint" in the near future.
Data—Finding feelings . . .
A prototype data-analysis software developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory could help track potential terrorist groups by uncovering hidden meaning in the group's written interactions.
Biometrics—ID from afar . . .
Unsuspecting subjects could be identified in mere seconds with a novel recognition system being developed by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Vehicles—Charge on the fly . . .
A prototype charging system for electric and hybrid vehicles is helping demonstrate a technology that could one day play a key role in the electrification of America's highways.
Nanoscience—Sapphire's sacrifice . . .
Sapphire nanowires grow using an unexpectedly complicated reaction with oxygen atoms changing between partners in vapor, liquid and solid phases.
Diesels—Joule of a milestone . . .
When Fuels, Engines and Emissions Research Center researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory achieved a 45 percent brake thermal efficiency in a multi-cylinder engine, they demonstrated a new potential for passenger-size diesel engines.
Supercomputing—Three-dimensional waste plumes . . .
A research team led by Peter C.
Data—Tracking trucks . . .
A vehicle monitoring study at Oak Ridge National Laboratory could help transform energy-intensive vehicles like transit buses and utility trucks into energy-efficient equipment.
Nano—World’s smallest antenna . . .
Instead of the conventional long piece of metal or dipole antenna, electronic devices of tomorrow could incorporate an antenna no bigger than a gnat.
Industry—A real steel . . .
Wireless sensors that alert steel mill operators to abnormal temperatures and vibrations that foretell wasted energy and imminent failure are expected to pay big dividends.
Computing—Visualizing surprising beauty . . .
Expressed as raw data, a simulation performed on a supercomputer would appear as a formless sea of trillion-floating-operations-per-second calculations.
Energy Storage—Beyond lithium ion symposium . . .
Growing interest in electric vehicles from the public, government and industry is creating a demand for scientific and technical advances in energy storage options.
Geology—Penetrating pores... . . .
Using neutron scattering to examine rock formations in Texas, Wisconsin and other parts of the country, Larry Anovitz, David Cole and Gernot Rother of Oak Ridge National Laboratory are gaining insight into little-understood geologic processes.
Geography—Knowing where 7 billion people live... . . .
LandScan's latest edition features improved spatial refinement, especially within urban settings, according to Eddie Bright, one of the developers of the global population distribution model.
Supercomputing—Running with a Jaguar.. . . .
Four of six teams competing for the top honor among scientific computing applications ran on Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Jaguar supercomputer, the world's most powerful.
Wind Energy— . . .
Wind energy is an important player in efforts to replace fossil energy with renewable-energy sources.
Computing—Battling bugs . . .
The software-writing mistakes known as "bugs" can be a pain for even the simplest applications, forcing developers to go through their code line by line to find and fix errors.
Data—Bird watching by satellite . . .
By using a data analysis tool developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory with funding from NASA, satellites can help researchers study birds flying through your backyard.
Heath Care—-Strength in numbers . . . . . .
Medical advances made in laboratories and clinical settings could reach patients sooner because of a $38 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to nine institutions.
Physics—Surprisingnucleon behavior . . .
Data from DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory on neutron interactions with isotopes of platinum contradict a basic assumption underpinning random matrix theory, nuclear physics models and quantum chaos.
DNA Repair—-Molecular machines . . . . . .
Ivaylo Ivanov of Georgia State University and colleagues used Jaguar http://www.nccs.gov/computing-resources/jaguar/, a Cray XT high-performance computing system at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, to elucidate the mechanism by which accessory proteins called sliding clamps are load
Health—Stride right . . .
People recovering from injuries, the elderly and even athletes could one day benefit from a gait analysis technology being developed by a team at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Biofuels—Nano-reactors . . .
A National Academies Keck Futures Initiative award of $100,000 will help researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and State University of New York in their quest to create a yeast strain to produce biofuels.
Research Facilities—A place to sleep . . .
Visiting scientists working at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and the adjacent Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory often conduct experiments that run at all hours of the day and night.
Climate—Potential gold mine . . .
By applying advanced data mining techniques to observed and model-simulated climate data, a researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory envisions the creation of a new set of tools that can provide valuable insights into climate science.
Sensors—Data a click away . . .
With a network of more than 5,000 sensors that monitor weather conditions, seismic activity, traffic, bacteria on beaches, water levels and much more, Sensorpedia is a significant resource that continues to expand.
Medicine—Eliminating guesswork . . .
Armed with neutron imaging, a team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Trent Nichols, a doctor of internal medicine who also holds a doctorate in physics, hopes to improve the odds for patients with cancer.
Nanoscience—Highly sensitive arrays . . .
Researchers at George Washington University and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated that tailored silicon nanopost arrays can provide researchers with an important analytical tool for nanoscale applications.
Computing—SciDAC 2010 . . .
Hundreds of computational scientists from around the world will gather in Chattanooga July 11-15 to participate in technical and scientific talks, poster sessions and discussions of recent advances.
Military—Intelligent intelligence . . .
In combat situations, communication is critical, and a system being developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory would put U.S.
Highways—Screening truckers . . .
Catching violators while keeping safe truckers on schedule is the focus of a program and system recently installed at weigh stations in South Carolina and Mississippi.
Neutron Science—Spallation Neutron Source adds guest house . . .
Each year ORNL hosts about 3,000 guest researchers who spend two weeks or more conducting research at the laboratory.
Nanoscience—"quanta of nonlinearity" revealed . . .
Experiments using band-excitation scanning probe microscopy at DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are providing clues to the origins of unique properties of spin and cluster glasses, phase-separated oxides, polycrystalline ferroelectrics and ferromagnets that are rooted in their highly disordered structure.
Neutrons—A powerful pulse . . .
A new pulsed magnet technique developed for Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Spallation Neutron Source shatters previous field strength limits for pulsed neutron scattering experiments.
Biomedical—Meeting of minds . . .
Science, medicine and engineering will come together in a neuro kind of way as about 150 professionals convene at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for its annual Biomedical Science and Engineering Conference May 25-26.
Nuclear—Power plant possibilities . . .
Up to four times as much land is available to site small nuclear power plants as compared to large plants, according to a study prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the Department of Energy.
Forensics—Cadaver's best friend . . .
Police searching for victims in clandestine graves could soon have a new tool that will make their task considerably easier.
Cybercrime—Exposing hackers . . .
Unscrupulous Internet service providers will have no place to hide because of a ranking system conceived by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Indiana University.
Green Construction Simulator—A greener shade of steel . . .
Ability and reputation are the qualities that draw industrial users to ORNL's Building Technologies Research and Integration Center (BTRIC).
Vehicle Efficiency—Turning exhaust into electricity . . .
A General Motors-led research team is using the world's fastest supercomputer to advance the cause of vehicle efficiency.
Health Care—Maximizing mammography . . .
Mammograms could conceivably save more lives with a technology being developed by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Chicago.
Cyberland—Advanced attack analysis . . .
Intrusion detection systems used by governmental agencies, large companies and others who want to prevent cyber attacks could soon be turbocharged with a highly sophisticated tool being developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Computing—Seeking Supercomputing Energy Savings . . .
A fan upgrade that will save Oak Ridge National Laboratory's computing complex $150,000 a year in energy costs is just the latest step by the laboratory to reduce its computing carbon footprint.
Computing—How bacteria “know” . . .
Using a combination of experimental and computational techniques, a team of researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee has discovered a novel type of receptors in bacteria that sense changes in oxygen concentration and other redox parameters.
Computing—Fighting fraud . . .
World-class computing at Oak Ridge National Laboratory could be unleashed to save as much as $50 billion per year in fraud, waste and abuse in the nation's health care system.
Medical—Help for cancer patients . . .
Thousands of cancer and heart patients will benefit from a new Oak Ridge National Laboratory program to make rhenium-188 generators more widely available and to streamline the distribution process.
Microscopy—An inside view . . .
Scientists studying internal details of biological cells, semiconductors and virtually any material they don't want to destroy in the process may soon be able to use a new technique developed by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.