- Number 301 |
- December 7, 2009
LHC pushes protons to higher energy
Accelerator operators of the Large Hadron Collider in Europe have begun the process of propelling protons to higher and higher energy. The LHC produced its first low-energy particle collisions on Nov. 23, steering two beams of protons with energy of 450 GeV into each other.
Popping the cork on biofuel agriculture
Scientists at DOE’s Brookhaven Lab have identified a novel enzyme responsible for the formation of suberin—the woody, waxy, cell-wall substance found in cork. While effective at keeping wine inside a bottle, suberin’s most important function in plants is to control water and nutrient transport and keep pathogens out.
Less 'waste-ful' nuclear fuel
Researchers at DOE's Idaho National Laboratory have developed a new type of nuclear fuel that leaves less waste and could help industries burn fewer carbon-emitting fossil fuels. The advanced nuclear fuel would be used in high-temperature gas reactors such as the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP), which could provide the electricity, heat and hydrogen many industries currently get from fossil fuels.
Simulation, calculations show hydroxide ions orientation in water
Whole water molecules form complex shapes around hydroxide ions, simple negatively charged particles, according to scientists at DOE's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The shapes are the result of hydrogen bonds between the ions and the molecules.