G. E. (Gene) Ice
Metals and Ceramics Division
For the development of advanced X-ray focusing and microfocusing optics and three-dimensional X-ray microscopy, and for pioneering research on the atomic and mesoscale structure of materials.
Gene E. Ice received a B.S. in physics in 1972 from Harvey Mudd College and a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Oregon in 1977. He is considered an internationally recognized leader in the areas of materials science and advanced X-ray optics.
Beginning at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1979, Dr. Ice is now group leader and distinguished staff scientist in the X-ray Research and Applications Group in the Metals and Ceramics Division. His early work with Cullie Sparks on anomalous diffuse X-ray scattering as a means of determining local atomic structure in alloys is recognized worldwide as the state-of-the-art for determining local atomic structure in alloys and continues to have a major impact on both experimental and theoretical studies of alloy local structure. Their collaboration on the development of dynamically bent crystal focusing optics also set the standard for high-performance X-ray synchrotron optics and continues to benefit synchrotron radiation facilities throughout the United States and the world.
Dr. Ice has collaborated in a number of pioneering experiments including anomalous diffuse scattering in solid-solution alloys, precision measurements of phason strain in quasicrystalline materials, nuclear resonance scattering, fluorescence tomography, resonant magnetic scattering, surface diffraction/truncation rods, and X-ray microdiffraction. His recent efforts have concentrated on the use of X-ray microbeams for the study of crystalline structure in polycrystalline materials.
He has served on international and national committees and advisory boards to review beamline optics for beamlines at the National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory, the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory, the Advanced Light Source at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory at Stanford University, SPring-8 at the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, and the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in France.
His contributions have been recognized with an IR100 award, an R&D 100 award, a DOE sustained outstanding achievement award, and an ORNL Scientific Team of the Year Award. He is a fellow in ASM International and the American Physical Society. Ice has organized workshops and symposium on X-ray optics and X-ray microdiffraction and synchrotron radiation research at American Physical Society and at Material Research Society meetings.
Dr. Ice has made important contributions to the technical literature and has co-authored more than 135 publications and during the last decade has given more than 94 invited talks. He is an adjunct professor at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and a co-editor of the Journal of Synchrotron Radiation.
He was named a corporate fellow in 2003.